Creeks


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Creeks

 

the name given by Europeans in the 17th and 18th centuries to the confederation of Muskogean Indian tribes.

The Creeks lived in what are now the states of Georgia and Alabama and engaged in hoe farming, hunting, and fishing. By the time of European colonization, they were at the stage of forming an early class society. The seizure of Creek lands by colonizers in the 1830’s and the forced resettlement of the Creeks in Oklahoma marked the end of their independent development. The present-day Creeks (who numbered approximately 16,700 in 1950) are to a considerable extent assimilated. Their chief occupations are small farming and working for hire. In the past, the religious beliefs of the Creeks consisted of sun and fire worship; after colonization, the Creeks were Christianized.

References in classic literature ?
When he came to the creek that was shallow and splashed down over the stones, he dashed into the water and turned to look back, and when he saw his grandfather still running toward him with the long knife held tightly in his hand he did not hesitate, but reaching down, se- lected a stone and put it in the sling.
I have killed the man of God and now I will myself be a man and go into the world," he said stoutly as he stopped running and walked rap- idly down a road that followed the windings of Wine Creek as it ran through fields and forests into the west.
On the ground by the creek Jesse Bentley moved uneasily about.
Yellow Handkerchief took the tiller, issuing his orders in whispers; and from our position at the time, and from the alteration of the sail, which I could dimly make out above me as a blot against the stars, I knew the junk was being headed into the mouth of a small slough which emptied at that point into San Rafael Creek.
After waiting a few minutes longer, the crew hoisted the lateen sail, and Yellow Handkerchief steered down toward the mouth of San Rafael Creek.
As we passed out of the creek a noisy discussion arose, which I knew related to me.
As in a dream, I saw the familiar mainsail of the Reindeer as she slipped out of San Rafael Creek on a light puff of morning air.
For all anybody knows," he said, pointing to a hillside across the creek bottom, "the moss under the snow there may be plumb rooted in nugget gold.
He said no more, but as the sun rose higher and the days grew longer and warmer, he gazed often across the creek at the definite bench-formation half way up the hill.
Her book is a general family and Creek tribal history about the dominant McIntosh family among the Lower Creek towns of Colonial Georgia including the history of the Upper Creeks of central Alabama and a few pages referencing the Creek Red Stick War of 1812-1814.
To minimize flash floods this rainy season, the Quezon City government has stepped up declogging of the citys waterways, especially rivers, creeks and big canals.
Some similarities shared by the Creeks and the colonists included their relative autonomy from centralized governments, their insecurity amid cross-cultural warfare, their mobility and the break up of their close-knit communities due to land and game exhaustion, and their mutual participation in a frontier exchange economy.