The original height of the wall curtain and its towers are of course virtually impossible to ascertain, but the clay models provide some clues as to the ratio between height and width of the towers and the form and placing of windows, crenellations
, beam heads, and horizontal ledges.
, bastions, moats and the like became one with design.
As various studies have indicated, the basic design of the house also echoes earlier buildings--from the crenellations
on the outside to the replica, so detested by Ruskin, of Rosslyn Chapel in the ceiling of the library.
You don't get crenellations
, arrow slits, and dungeons as you do in medieval castles.
Critical reviews have however concentrated upon the European features of Martin's architecture, in particular their design as stand-alone buildings with handsome exteriors, displaying Greco-Roman influence in their pediments, columns, statuary and crenellations
. Martin's status as an amateur architect gave him the freedom to experiment and not be confined by any canon.
From the outside this Elizabethan gatehouse looks like a toy castle with turrets and crenellations
- one turret holds bunks for your aspiring young knights or princesses.
The exterior facades of the building are strikingly crowned by crenellations
composed of distinctive forms resembling children holding their hands together.
Most revealing are his domestic aspirations: he acquired both a London house and a country estate, building at the latter not just a house but a castle, complete with turrets and crenellations
. John Byng (later Viscount Torrington) visited and recorded in his diary that Arkwright's Willersley Castle "is the house of an overseer surveying the works, not of a gentleman." Byng expressed particular scorn for the library, complaining that it was too small and resembled a "counting house"--again suggesting that Arkwright's attempts to act the gentleman were doomed to fail.
Towers flank the entry and are topped with crenellations
that project strength and security.
The main elements used in traditional architecture are wind towers, arches, air pullers, parapets and crenellations
As you approach the fort, the crenellations
look like ominous rows of helmeted warriors watching you with disapproval.
Barry mentions but makes no pronouncement on reports that, along with turrets and crenellations
, many of these castles resemble their European counterparts in that they come complete with ghosts.