Crested Ibis


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crested Ibis

 

(Nipponia nippori), a bird of the family Threskiornithidae of the order Ciconiiformes. Body length, 75–80 cm. It has a crest of long feathers on the occiput. In the winter the plumage is white with a pink bloom; in the summer the head, neck, and back are ashen gray. The facial parts of the head are bare and orange-red in color. The legs are brownish red, and the bill is black with a red tip. It is a dying species. Several dozen nest in Japan on Honshu and Sado islands. The colony of crested ibises on the Oki islands disappeared after 1920; it has nested in Korea and Northeast China. In the USSR the crested ibis is an extremely rare migratory bird; in the 19th century it nested in the southern Primor’e.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The crested ibis is listed as South Korea's National Monument number 198 but was last seen in the wild in 1979 in the Demilitarized Zone dividing the peninsula.
Japan and China held a ceremony Thursday in Xian, Shaanxi Province, to launch a five-year project to protect the crested ibis, one of the world's most endangered birds, and ensure the birds' coexistence with local farming communities in China.
General Incorporated Association 'Toki-no-hane (feather of Japanese crested ibis)', China.
The ministry plans to begin training for the 10 ibises in late May at the Sado Japanese Crested Ibis Conservation Center in Niigata Prefecture in the initial step of preparation for the third of a series of releases under a protective program, said Zuiten Tsukamoto, a ministry official in charge of wildlife.
These include: protection of the toki, or Japanese crested ibis, now found only in small numbers in Shaaxi Province, China; polar bear research by the Norwegian Polar Institute; and habitat restoration and a fish-stocking project in Ontario, Canada, called 'Bring back the salmon: Thirty per cent of total donations remain in Australia while 70 per cent are spent on overseas environmental projects.
Project Title: Improved Habitat for the Japanese Crested Ibis in Sado
Panda numbers have risen by 40 per cent since 2000, from 1,114 to 1,596, and numbers of crested ibis, one of the world's rarest birds, have rocketed from seven to 740.
Crested ibis once lived there and can be re-introduced from China, where the flock has grown to several hundred.
Yang Yang, a female crested ibis, laid her first egg of this year Tuesday afternoon at a bird sanctuary on Sadogashima Island, Niigata Prefecture, the Sado Japanese Crested Ibis Conservation Center said.
THE CHINA BIODIVERSITY NETWORK quietly made history when an international effort to protect the migration routes of the Oriental white stork, the Crested ibis, and the Black-faced spoonbill brought together scientists and naturalists from Russia, China and Taiwan.