An alternative diagnosis, including bacterial meningitis, Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
, non-convulsive status epilepticus, acute disseminating encephalomyelitis, Brucella encephalitis, anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis, and carcinomatous meningitis, was established in 13 (19.1%) patients.
The original text has been revised and rearranged for the second edition, with new sections on global warming, socioeconomic aspects, recent outbreaks that have appeared since publication of the first edition--including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad cow disease), new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
(CJD), and the increasing spread of HIV infection--and others that may prove significant in the future.
The human form of Mad Cow disease, more formally known as new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease
(nv-CJD), is a chronic and incurable deterioration of the central nervous system, one of a larger class of diseases called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs).
The Government announced last month that experts had advised a ban on blood donation on anyone who had had a transfusion since January 1980 because of a "slight risk" of the transmission of variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
The Government announced last month that experts had advised a ban on blood donation on anyone who had had a transfusion since January 1980 because of a 'slight risk' of the transmission of variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
It follows medical research which showed a 'slight risk' of the transmission of variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
Finally, some experts would like to see testing with prions, a type of protein that can become "misfolded" and contribute to brain diseases including variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
and kuru, a fatal dementia among a tribe in New Guinea caused by eating the remains of diseased humans.
Mad cow is part of a family of brain disorders known as prion diseases, that include scrapie in sheep; chronic wasting disease in deer and elk; and new variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease
, or vCJD, in humans.
Jorawar Gill from Marston, near Kingsbury, died aged 20 earlier this month after battling variant Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease
(vCJD) for more than two years.
Barbara Roden, 48, suffered confusion and giddiness before succumbing to sporadic Creutzfeld-Jakob Disease
on April 3, within 14 weeks of feeling unwell, an inquest heard.
Single-use instruments - such as catheters, guidewires and biopsy forceps - have helped ensure sterility and prevent cross-infection in the face of the increasing prevalence of hospital-acquired infections, antibiotic resistance, and life-threatening transmissible diseases such as hepatitis and variant Creutzfeld-Jakob disease
, claims the campaign.