Cricetinae


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Cricetinae

[krə′set·ən‚ē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A subfamily of mice in the family Cricetidae.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cricetinae

 

a subfamily of rodents of the family Cricetidae. The body length is 5–36 cm, and the tail length 0.7–33 cm. The coloring varies from ash- or brown-gray to dark brown-ochre. Sometimes there is a black stripe along the back or black and white patches on the anterior part of the body.

There are more than 60 genera, embracing about 240 species. The animals are distributed in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, South Asia, Central Asia, and East Asia. The USSR has 14 species, belonging to the following six genera: Calomyscus, Cricetulus, Phodopus, Mesocricetus, Cricetus, and Myospalax. The rodents inhabit the central and southern regions of the European USSR, the Caucasus, Transcaucasia, Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, Southern Siberia, and the Primor’e. Terrestrial animals, they live in forest steppes, steppes, semideserts, and deserts; they are found in mountains at elevations to 2,500 m. The animals live singly in complex burrows. Their diet is both vegetable and animal. Many species, for example, the common hamster, store food, sometimes as much as 90 kg. Most species hibernate. The rodents are very fertile, producing one to three litters a year, with one to 18 young in a litter. Cricetines are harmful agricultural pests and carriers of the causative agents of several infectious diseases. The skins of some species are dressed. Cricetinae are used as experimental animals.

I. M. GROMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One detailed phylogenetic study of the Cricetinae subfamily (Neumann et al.
Our analyses using SINEs were consistent with the restructured subfamily Cricetinae phylogenetic tree (Figure 4).
Phylogenetic relationships of neotomine-peromyscine rodents (Muroidea) and a reappraisal of the dichotomy within New World Cricetinae. Miscellaneous Publications Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 157:1-146.
Karyotypic variation in Oryzomine rodents (Cricetidae) with comments on chromosomal evolution in the Neotropical cricetinae complex.
Systematic review of the Neotropical water rats of the genus Nectomys (Cricetinae).
Consideraciones sobre el genero "Andinomys" (Cricetinae) y descripcion de una forma nueva.
Ciclos reprodutivos de Akodon cursor, Nectomys squamipes e Oryzomys nigripes (Rodentia, Cricetinae).