Cricetus


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Cricetus

 

(black-bellied hamster), a genus of rodents of the family Cricetidae. The cylindric body reaches a length of 35 cm. The short legs, ears, and tail are not covered with fur. The body is ocher-brown above and black below. There are light spots on the sides and, at times, on the neck and behind the ears.

There are three or four species of black-bellied hamsters, inhabiting forest steppes, plains, and plateaus in southeastern Europe, including the Caucasus. The rodents are also found in Southwest Asia, Asia Minor, and Kazakhstan. Black-bellied hamsters are solitary animals. A litter usually consists of 11 or 12 young; occasionally there are as many as 20 young. The animals store and feed on seeds; they often destroy crops. The pelts of large species, such C. cricetus, are tanned. Black-bellied hamsters often are divided into two genera: Cricetus and Meso-cricetus.

References in periodicals archive ?
2012: Genetic variation and effective population size in an isolated population of the common hamster, Cricetus cricetus.
2017: Phylogeographic structure of the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.): Late Pleistocene connections between Caucasus and Western European populations.
2016: Genetic structure of urban population of the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus).
2015: The distribution and genetic diversity of the common hamster Cricetus cricetus in Central and Western Romania.
DNA for the hamster species Cricetulus sokolovi (Sokolov's hamster), Cricetulus barabensis (striped dwarf hamster), Cricetulus longicaudatus (long-tailed dwarf hamster), Cricetulus pseudogriseus (Transbaikal hamster), Cricetulus migratorius (gray dwarf hamster), Cricetus cricetus (black-bellied hamster) and Allocricetulus eversmanni (Eversmann's hamster) were generously supplied by Dr.
In contrast, the species Cricetulus migratorius, Cricetus cricetus, and Allocricetulus eversmanni were all found to lack the B2 element within loci X96664 and X96549 (Table 2).
1998: The common hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.) in the eastern part of the area.
1945: Evolutionary studies on the distribution and dynamics of melanism in the hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.).
1946: The role of natural selection in distribution and dynamics of melanism in common hamster (Cricetus cricetus L.).
2013: The distribution of the common hamster (Cricetus cricetus) in Western Ukraine.
2014: Der Status des Feldhamsters (Cricetus cricetus) in Deutschland.
1998: About the hamster (Cricetus cricetus L., 1758 -- Cricetidae, Rodentia) in Romania.