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a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

References in periodicals archive ?
Sergeant Andy Dark, who co-ordinated the operation, said: "The operation was to target outstanding crime suspects responsible for theft and burglary.
Officials gave no further details, saying it might jeopardise efforts to arrest two other war crime suspects on the run.
The arrests followed two days of raids on the homes of serious crime suspects in Cardiff on Tuesday and Wednesday.
THE Crown Prosecution Service admitted today that it failed to run checks on 2,000 foreign crime suspects for more than a year after it was sent their DNA profiles by an overseas police force.
For the first time police will be able to post details of the most wanted crime suspects in the country online.
ABOUT 500 police officers took part in raids early this morning in London, targeting organised crime suspects.
Other studies, which have not controlled for the amount of detail in eyewitnesses' verbal descriptions, have generally concluded that one-at-a-time presentations of crime suspects yield more accurate recall than all-at-once inspections.
Faced with a rise in street crime, such as purse snatching, Osaka prefectural police have decided to open an e-mail account to receive messages with photos of crime suspects taken by mobile phones.
According to the EPD, Jaos and an eyewitness to the robbery have recognized one of the robbers when shown photos of crime suspects.
FAR from being pedantic, Police and Crime Commissioner Bob Jones must be struggling to find something constructive to do if he has to seek a photo opportunity to latch on to the launch of a brilliant initiative by West Midlands Police of hi-tech mobile fingerprint scanners which help officers to ID crime suspects in seconds.

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