Crimean Tatar

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crimean Tatar


the language of the Tatars who lived in the Crimea until 1944 and who now reside mainly in the Uzbek SSR.

Crimean Tatar belongs to the Kypchak group of Turkic languages. It is divided into three dialects—Northern (Steppe), Middle, and Southern (in accordance with the settlement areas of the Crimean Tatars in the past); the Southern dialect has been greatly influenced by Turkish. Certain special features of Crimean Tatar include (1) dropping of initial and final h (ava instead of hava, “air,” and saba instead of sabah, “morning”); (2) narrow vowel elision in initial or medial syllable position— (i)lyach, “medicine”; (u)sta, “master”; (u)razhay, k(i)rerim, “I will go in”; (3) genitive case forms of the first person singular and plural pronouns menim and bizim, respectively (instead of mening and bizing); and (4) the first person singular future tense form of negation -mam/-mem (yazmam, “I will not write”).

Historically, Crimean Tatar dates back to the period of decline of the Golden Horde (early 15th century). The oldest Crimean Tatar literary records date from the 17th century. The sub-dialects which evolved from the Cuman language constitute the nucleus of the modern Crimean Tatar literary language. Crimean Tatar used the Arabic alphabet until 1929 and the Latin alphabet until 1938; it has employed Russian script since 1938.


Zaatov, O. Polnyi russko-tatarskii slovar’. Simferopol’, 1906.
Samoilovich, A. Opyt kratkoi krymsko-tatarskoi grammatiki. Petrograd, 1916.
Sevortian, E. V. “Krymsko-tatarskii iazyk.” In lazyki narodov SSSR, vol. 2. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The authorities are trying to ban the Mejilis, which for 25 years has been in existence and represents the Crimean Tatar people," said Alim Aliev, co-founder of the group Crimea SOS, which has been assisting people seeking to relocate from Crimea.
As Germany's military campaign gradually lost momentum, Soviet troops reclaimed the Crimean peninsula on April 10, 1944 and imposed severe pressure on the Crimean Tatar population as a large number of Turks perished.
While the Mejlis is the largest Crimean Tatar organization, some smaller groups are happy Russia has taken the region under its wing.
Sergei Aksyonov, who declared himself provincial leader almost two weeks ago after Russians seized the parliament building, told the Russian news agency that Crimea would also encourage the use of two languages - Russian and Crimean Tatar.
ANKARA, Jan 21, 2011 (TUR) -- The President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) met with the chairman of the Crimean Tatar National Assembly in Ankara on Friday.
(18) For the purposes of this study, Crimean Tatar experience is particularly significant.
Each entry consists, at the least, of the name of a habitated place and variants, followed by its name in modern Crimean Tatar. Often, entries also present historical information, notes on identification, notes on the etymology and meaning of the place name, local pronunciations, discussion of lexical and semantic structure, and references to the literature and other entries.
EcavuE-oy-lu, who is in Addis Abbaba to attend the African Union summit, said the arrest of Ahtem EciygE[micro]z, the deputy head of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People -- the executive-representative body of the Crimean Tatars -- on Jan.
Korsunsky recalled the ban on Crimean Tatar leader and Ukrainian parliament deputy Mustafa AbdE-lcemil Kyrymoy-lu and Crimean Tatar Mejlis leader Refat Chubarov's entry into Crimea, and said the Russian government would prefer not to work with them and tries to suggest new Crimean leaders.