Crimes Against Property

Crimes Against Property

 

under Soviet law, actions that infringe upon socialist ownership or personal ownership by citizens. The criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate responsibility for crimes against socialist ownership (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, Chapter 2) and against personal ownership by citizens (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, Chapter 5).

Infringement upon socialist property may be divided into four groups. (1) The stealing of state or social property, committed by Krazha (secret stealing), by grabezh (open stealing), by razboi (assault with intent to rob), by appropriation, embezzlement, or abuse of official position, and by swindling (arts. 89–93, 93’, 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). (2) Causing property damage to the state or to a public organization through deception or abuse of trust, through extortion of state or social property, or by the appropriation of valuable property known to belong to the state or to a public organization, which has been found by or accidentally come into the possession of the guilty person (arts. 94, 95,97 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). In the criminal code’s of the Ukrainian and Kirghiz SSR’s responsibility for extortion is not specifically provided for. (3) The intentional or negligent destruction or damaging of state or social property (arts. 98,99 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR), as well as the criminally negligent use or maintenance of agricultural equipment—tractors, automobiles, combines, and other agricultural machinery—resulting in damage or breakage or the dismantling of such machinery (art. 991 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). In addition, the Criminal Code of the Kazakh SSR establishes responsibility for criminally negligent and brutal treatment of farm animals (art. 86). (4) An unconscientious attitude toward the protection of state or social property, resulting in the large-scale stealing, damaging, or destroying of such property (art. 100 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). The Criminal Code of the Kazakh SSR specifically provides for responsibility for the illegal felling or damaging of timber (art. 83) and for intentional damage caused to crops or forest plantings by grazing cattle (art. 84).

Infringements upon personal ownership are divided into (1) taking possession of citizens’ property by krazha, grabezh, razboi, swindling, or extortion (arts. 144–48 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) and (2) intentional or negligent destroying or damaging of citizens’ personal property (arts. 149,150 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). The criminal codes of the Kazakh and Georgian SSR’s provide for responsibility for usury and the criminal codes of the Uzbek and Kirghiz SSR’s, for concealing valuable personal property of citizens, which has been found by or has accidentally come into the possession of the guilty person. In the Criminal Code of the Tadzhik SSR the concealing of found property or stray cattle is punishable by law.

Infringements upon the state or social property of other socialist countries found on the territory of the USSR are punishable in the same manner as crimes against socialist property (art. 101 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR), and infringements upon the property of associations that are not socialist organizations (for example, churches) are punishable in the same manner as crimes against the personal ownership of citizens (art. 151 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). When certain property has been transferred by the state for use by an association that is not a socialist organization, the theft of such property is considered an infringement upon socialist property.

S. S. STENICHEV

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References in classic literature ?
Of course, all crimes are not crimes against property, though such are the crimes that the English law, valuing what a man has more than what a man is, punishes with the harshest and most horrible severity, if we except the crime of murder, and regard death as worse than penal servitude, a point on which our criminals, I believe, disagree.
Focused crimes refer to two types: crimes against persons (murder, homicide, rape, physical injury) and crimes against property (theft, robbery, car and motorcycle theft).
Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos, the PPOC chairperson, congratulated the Philippine National Police-Ilocos Norte and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) for the tremendous drop in crimes against persons and crimes against property, and for their remarkable Oplan Tokhang, which registered a high number of surrendered drug users and pushers in the province.
Another report suggests that, because of the Duterte administration's relentless campaign against drugs, there has been a significant decrease in crime across the board, especially crimes against property.
As stated under the Penal Code of crimes and punishment part 1, that includes crimes against property, Grand theft is theft committed in any of the following cases:
At the time, although the Court acknowledged that " t here seems to be a perceived injustice brought about by the range of penalties that the courts continue to impose on crimes against property committed today, based on the amount of damage measured by the value of money eighty years ago," it nonetheless declined to "judicially" modify the range of penalties, and effectively left it to the legislature to remedy the situation.
The primary sources of criminal proceeds are corruption, narcotics and human trafficking, smuggling, economic crimes, intellectual property theft, counterfeit goods, crimes against property, and tax evasion.
In August, the Economic Police launched an inquiry into the train upgrade project, carried out by Pasazieru Vilciens rail passenger carrier, but in October a criminal investigation was started into violations in state institutions and crimes against property, representatives of the State Police told Latvian Television.
Those interviewed said sexual assaults, human trafficking and assaults were a higher priority for them than crimes against property.
Meanwhile crimes against property, such as car theft and arson had a share of 5% of the total crimes with car theft making 80.
Traditional crimes against property or physical assaults are not uncommon in the U.
Thirty-two percent of these involved crimes against the person, 21 percent were crimes against property, 23 percent were crimes against morality, and 24 percent were crimes against the public welfare.