Crimes Against Property

Crimes Against Property

 

under Soviet law, actions that infringe upon socialist ownership or personal ownership by citizens. The criminal codes of the Union republics establish separate responsibility for crimes against socialist ownership (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, Chapter 2) and against personal ownership by citizens (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, Chapter 5).

Infringement upon socialist property may be divided into four groups. (1) The stealing of state or social property, committed by Krazha (secret stealing), by grabezh (open stealing), by razboi (assault with intent to rob), by appropriation, embezzlement, or abuse of official position, and by swindling (arts. 89–93, 93’, 96 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). (2) Causing property damage to the state or to a public organization through deception or abuse of trust, through extortion of state or social property, or by the appropriation of valuable property known to belong to the state or to a public organization, which has been found by or accidentally come into the possession of the guilty person (arts. 94, 95,97 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). In the criminal code’s of the Ukrainian and Kirghiz SSR’s responsibility for extortion is not specifically provided for. (3) The intentional or negligent destruction or damaging of state or social property (arts. 98,99 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR), as well as the criminally negligent use or maintenance of agricultural equipment—tractors, automobiles, combines, and other agricultural machinery—resulting in damage or breakage or the dismantling of such machinery (art. 991 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). In addition, the Criminal Code of the Kazakh SSR establishes responsibility for criminally negligent and brutal treatment of farm animals (art. 86). (4) An unconscientious attitude toward the protection of state or social property, resulting in the large-scale stealing, damaging, or destroying of such property (art. 100 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). The Criminal Code of the Kazakh SSR specifically provides for responsibility for the illegal felling or damaging of timber (art. 83) and for intentional damage caused to crops or forest plantings by grazing cattle (art. 84).

Infringements upon personal ownership are divided into (1) taking possession of citizens’ property by krazha, grabezh, razboi, swindling, or extortion (arts. 144–48 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR) and (2) intentional or negligent destroying or damaging of citizens’ personal property (arts. 149,150 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). The criminal codes of the Kazakh and Georgian SSR’s provide for responsibility for usury and the criminal codes of the Uzbek and Kirghiz SSR’s, for concealing valuable personal property of citizens, which has been found by or has accidentally come into the possession of the guilty person. In the Criminal Code of the Tadzhik SSR the concealing of found property or stray cattle is punishable by law.

Infringements upon the state or social property of other socialist countries found on the territory of the USSR are punishable in the same manner as crimes against socialist property (art. 101 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR), and infringements upon the property of associations that are not socialist organizations (for example, churches) are punishable in the same manner as crimes against the personal ownership of citizens (art. 151 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). When certain property has been transferred by the state for use by an association that is not a socialist organization, the theft of such property is considered an infringement upon socialist property.

S. S. STENICHEV

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References in classic literature ?
Of course, all crimes are not crimes against property, though such are the crimes that the English law, valuing what a man has more than what a man is, punishes with the harshest and most horrible severity, if we except the crime of murder, and regard death as worse than penal servitude, a point on which our criminals, I believe, disagree.
Villaceran, meanwhile, said he is honored to be COP of Pasig, stressing that he will focus on battling crimes against property in his new post.
The Multan RPO said that crimes against property had increased and also shared his initiatives to tackle the situation.
In the section for 'crimes against property', Punjab Police lists dacoity (314 cases registered until May 2019), robbery (6,350 cases registered until May 2019), theft as defined under section 382 of the Pakistan Penal Code (592 cases registered until May 2019), motor vehicle theft (8,600 cases registered until May 2019), cattle (2,838 cases registered until May 2019) and a section of 'others' (20,860 cases registered until May 2019) without any details.
"During this period, the number of crimes against persons dropped down to 3022, which is 1.32 per cent lower than the 2018 figure of 3062," he noted in a release.Virk said, "Similarly, the state recorded a total of 3013 incidents of crimes against property in May 2019, which is 3.78 per cent less as compared to the 3127 incidents in the corresponding period the previous year."
Most of the minors are being held for drug-related offenses, robbery or crimes against property, and even murder, he said.
Security officials have also warned that crimes against property, including robberies of banks and armored vans, went up during campaigns.
Similarly in crimes against property, 1132 cases were registered from which 1835 suspects were arrested and 780 cases were challaned to court.
It covers the field of criminal investigation, the elements of investigation, and the equipment, technology, and procedures that facilitate it; investigative responsibilities like documenting the scene, searching crime scenes and suspects, identifying and collecting evidence for forensic examination, obtaining information and intelligence, and identifying and arresting suspects; and how these responsibilities are conducted in specific types of investigations, such as violent crimes, crimes against property, drug-related crime and organized crime, and the illegal activities of gangs and other groups.
Another report suggests that, because of the Duterte administration's relentless campaign against drugs, there has been a significant decrease in crime across the board, especially crimes against property. "Ironically, there was an increase in murders, but, of course, he is denying that these are extrajudicial killings," Casiple added.