Crimes Against the State

Crimes Against the State

 

in Soviet criminal law, the most grave crimes, transgressing against the most important interests of the Soviet state. Liability for crimes against the state is established by an all-Union law enacted Dec. 25, 1958.

Crimes against the state are divided into two groups: especially dangerous crimes and other crimes. Especially dangerous state crimes are acts or omissions aimed at overthrowing, undermining, or weakening the Soviet social and state system. They include high treason, espionage, terrorism, sabotage, wrecking, anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda, war propaganda, organizing activity for the purpose of committing especially dangerous state crimes, and participation in an anti-Soviet organization. Similar crimes directed against other socialist states are also punishable. Especially dangerous state crimes differ from other criminal offenses in their anti-Soviet intent, manifested in acts directed against the foundations of the Soviet system.

Crimes classified as other state crimes include a large group of acts that infringe on such political, economic, and other state interests as national and racial equality, the military strength of the USSR, the inviolability of the country’s borders, the foreign trade monopoly, the monetary and credit system, the normal operation of the railroads and water and air transport, and public security. Specific crimes include divulging state secrets or losing documents containing state secrets, illegally leaving or entering the USSR, violating international air regulations or safety regulations in public transportation, smuggling, making or disposing of counterfeit money or securities, violating currency regulations and speculating in currency, banditry, and mass disturbances. Most of these crimes involve intent, but the intent does not have a direct antistate orientation. Unlike especially dangerous state crimes, which are committed deliberately, many of the other state crimes can be committed either deliberately or through negligence, and some of them are committed only through negligence, such as the loss of documents containing state secrets.

Liability for state crimes arises at the age of 16, although liability for acts that may cause a train wreck ensues at age 14.

Different types and terms of punishment are established for state crimes, depending on the nature of the crime and the gravity of the harm caused. Especially dangerous state crimes, for example, banditry or speculation in currency or securities as an occupation or on a large scale, are punishable by deprivation of freedom for up to 15 years with confiscation of property or by death with confiscation of property.

References in classic literature ?
All crimes against the state, are punished here with the utmost severity; but, if the person accused makes his innocence plainly to appear upon his trial, the accuser is immediately put to an ignominious death; and out of his goods or lands the innocent person is quadruply recompensed for the loss of his time, for the danger he underwent, for the hardship of his imprisonment, and for all the charges he has been at in making his defence; or, if that fund be deficient, it is largely supplied by the crown.
He was held in solitary confinement at the NSS headquarters in Juba then charged with treason and other crimes against the state in August 2017.
Addressing a news conference in Monrovia Wednesday, 10 January the institution further also warns President-elect Weah not allow outgoing officials, who have caused serious financial lost and perpetuated economic crimes against the state to go with impunity.
However, Press Secretary and official spokesperson of President Salva Kiir, Ateny Wek Ateny told reporters on Friday that the amnesty does not include prisoners like James Gatdet Dak, former Machar's spokesperson who was deported last year from Kenya, who he said are accused of committing crimes against the state
Hyeon Soo Lim, convicted of crimes against the state in December 2015, was "released on sick bail" Wednesday by the country's top court for "humanitarian" reasons, CNN quoted state-run news agency KCNA as saying.
He was sentenced by a North Korean court to life in prison after he was convicted of crimes against the state.
Those individuals who get their nationality revoked don't deserve any support from the government for their involvement in high profile crimes against the state and countries all around the world are exercising this.
The Embassy said Al-Dhafiri has a standing arrest warrant issued by their prosecutor general 'in relation to crimes against the state security.
Surprisingly, while asking that Verusevski, a Putsch case suspect charged with crimes against the state, be no longer kept in detention, Janeva requested detention for a suspect charged with destroying wiretapping equipment against whom an indictment has not yet been raised.
North Korea's supreme court sentenced American student Otto Warmbier, who was arrested while visiting the country, to 15 years of hard labour on Wednesday for crimes against the state.
Currently, cases considered terrorism are investigated and prosecuted under a specific crime and within the existing penal code, for example, crimes against the state, possession of illegal weapons, and conspiracy.
She calls on the government to stop the arrest and jailing of Kurdish activists and elected mayors on spurious charges of terrorism and crimes against the state, and to restart the peace negations with the Kurds.