Criminal Code

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Criminal Code


a codified legislative act establishing the foundations, conditions, and limits of criminal responsibility and providing for the punishment of crimes.

In the USSR the adoption of criminal codes is assigned to the Union republics. Between 1959 and 1961, criminal codes were adopted in all Union republics. The codes correspond to the Basic Principles of Criminal Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics of 1958 and to other all-Union criminal laws. They also reflect the national characteristics peculiar to the individual republics. The Criminal Code of the RSFSR was adopted on Oct. 27,1960, and put into effect on Jan. 1,1961.

The criminal codes of the Union republics are constructed within a uniform system and are divided into general and special parts. The general part of a criminal code covers its tasks and the bases of criminal responsibility; formulates the concept and basic characteristics of crime and the types of guilt and complicity in a crime; defines the purposes of punishment; and lists the kinds of punishment and the principles and procedure for the assignment of punishment and release from punishment. The special part of the criminal code contains an exhaustive list of socially dangerous acts recognized as criminal and punishable. Its articles list the most important characteristics of specific crimes (the formal element of the definition of the crime) and give the measures of punishment established for commission of the crimes.

References in classic literature ?
The criminal code of every country partakes so much of necessary severity, that without an easy access to exceptions in favor of unfortunate guilt, justice would wear a countenance too sanguinary and cruel.
I incline as little to the sickly feeling which makes every canting lie or maudlin speech of a notorious criminal a subject of newspaper report and general sympathy, as I do to those good old customs of the good old times which made England, even so recently as in the reign of the Third King George, in respect of her criminal code and her prison regulations, one of the most bloody-minded and barbarous countries on the earth.
If you make the criminal code sanguinary, juries will not convict.
On 6 February 2018, the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina confirmed the Indictment under which the Accused BoA3/4o MarkiA is charged with the criminal offense Tax Evasion or Fraud in violation of Article 210(1) as read with Article 54 of the Criminal Code of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Accused legal entity NAMEKS d.
A letter of invitation to local media publicised on Monday revealed a slew of constitutional articles are slated to be amended, along with unspecified elements of the Criminal Code and certain elements of the law on the organisation of the Constitutional Council itself.
Summary: Moscow [Russia], January 1 (ANI): Bomb hoaxers in Russia can now face imprisonment up to 10 years after President Vladimir Putin on Saturday signed an amendment in the country's Criminal Code law.
Okon of High Court 8, Uyo, on an eight-count charge of obtaining by false pretence, contrary to and punishable under Section 419 of the Criminal Code Act of the Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004.
Quoting Article 122, Cap154 of the criminal code, he wrote: "Whoever commits any action that it is possible to influence any police investigation being carried out, with the aim of the commencement of a legal procedure, or any investigation being carried out, based on the provisions of any law, is guilty of an offence and subject to three years in prison.
Today I have proscribed Islamic State Khorasan Province under the Criminal Code, taking the number of listed terrorist organisations to 25.
2) Criminal Code, by the non-enforcement of criminal sanctions.
In Sudan, the crime of apostasy carries the death penalty under article (126) of the 1991 Criminal Code.
The government approved a total of 22 amendments to the Criminal Code after holding discussions with legal experts, lawyers and members of the High Legislative Committee of Reform, the minister added in a press conference at the Cabinet headquarters downtown.