complaint

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complaint

English law a statement by which a civil proceeding in a magistrates' court is commenced

Complaint

 

in the USSR, the communication of a citizen (or a group of citizens) to a state or public organization in connection with the violation of a right or interest protected by law or in connection with the violation of the rights of a labor collective. According to the disciplinary code of the armed forces of the USSR, a complaint is a personal petition of a member of the armed forces in connection with the violation of his rights. At the same time, a complaint is one of the means of eliminating violations of legislation and a basis for raising the question of the responsibility of persons who have permitted these violations, bureaucratism, or red tape.

Soviet legislation on the procedure for action in a complaint or other communications submitted by citizens to state or social agencies calls for a timely and careful examination of each complaint and a proper resolution for it.

The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of Apr. 12, 1968, On the Procedure for Examining the Proposals, Petitions, and Complaints of Citizens, sets forth the basic regulations for the examination and resolution of complaints. As a rule, a complaint is submitted to the agency or to the official directly supervising the agency (or the official) being the object of the complaint. In instances provided for by law, a complaint may be submitted to the people’s court, for example, a complaint in connection with the unlawful imposition of a fine. It is absolutely forbidden to forward complaints of citizens for consideration to the officials whose actions are appealed. The law requires that in resolving a complaint all necessary measures be taken to consider it in its essence, to assemble all documents and other materials, and to take a well-founded decision and ensure its timely and proper execution. The person who has made the declaration is informed of the decision taken, and, in the event of the dismissal of the complaint, he is notified of the reasons for the refusal.

The law provides for a time limit of up to one month for the consideration of a complaint. The complaints that do not require additional study or verification must be considered without delay or in any case not more than 15 days from the day the complaint is submitted to the competent agency. A shorter time limit is established for the consideration of complaints of members of the armed forces and their families.

Disciplinary responsibility of officials has been established in the event of violations of the procedure provided for by law for the consideration of complaints made by citizens. In instances when considerable damage has been done to state or social interests, when citizens’ rights have been infringed upon, or when the citizen who lodged the complaint has been persecuted, a criminal proceeding may be instituted against officials guilty of these acts.

N. G. SALISHCHEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The first time in historyThis is the first time a special prosecutor has filed criminal complaint involving a minister, but it must be treated as an ordinary citizen's.
According to the criminal complaint that was filed, Schmitt said that when he went to get the clothes back, they argued.
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The criminal complaint to the Swiss attorney general follows a recommendation by FIFA FIF 's ethics judge A's ethics judge A Hans-Joachim Eckert as part of his findings into the Garcia investigation on World Cup bidding.
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Blatter said however that the lodging of the criminal complaint does not affect Eckert's statement last week that the investigation into the bidding process for the two World Cups is concluded.
But they were actually undercover FBI agents, according to the criminal complaint filed in federal court in Wichita.
Three people on Tuesday filed a criminal complaint against Tokyo Electric Power Co.
Snowden was charged with theft of government property, unauthorized communication of national defense information and willful communication of classified communications intelligence to an unauthorized person, said the criminal complaint, which was dated June 14.
Summary: The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's lawyers will make a formal criminal complaint to France's prosecutors over invasion of their privacy.
Vahanvati, who had replaced solicitor general Gopal Subramanium, argued before the apex court that there was no provision in law under which the PM could entertain a request for grant of sanction before a criminal complaint was filed in court.
A CRIMINAL complaint has been made against Fergie after her TV expose of orphanages in Turkey.