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English law a statement by which a civil proceeding in a magistrates' court is commenced
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the USSR, the communication of a citizen (or a group of citizens) to a state or public organization in connection with the violation of a right or interest protected by law or in connection with the violation of the rights of a labor collective. According to the disciplinary code of the armed forces of the USSR, a complaint is a personal petition of a member of the armed forces in connection with the violation of his rights. At the same time, a complaint is one of the means of eliminating violations of legislation and a basis for raising the question of the responsibility of persons who have permitted these violations, bureaucratism, or red tape.

Soviet legislation on the procedure for action in a complaint or other communications submitted by citizens to state or social agencies calls for a timely and careful examination of each complaint and a proper resolution for it.

The Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of Apr. 12, 1968, On the Procedure for Examining the Proposals, Petitions, and Complaints of Citizens, sets forth the basic regulations for the examination and resolution of complaints. As a rule, a complaint is submitted to the agency or to the official directly supervising the agency (or the official) being the object of the complaint. In instances provided for by law, a complaint may be submitted to the people’s court, for example, a complaint in connection with the unlawful imposition of a fine. It is absolutely forbidden to forward complaints of citizens for consideration to the officials whose actions are appealed. The law requires that in resolving a complaint all necessary measures be taken to consider it in its essence, to assemble all documents and other materials, and to take a well-founded decision and ensure its timely and proper execution. The person who has made the declaration is informed of the decision taken, and, in the event of the dismissal of the complaint, he is notified of the reasons for the refusal.

The law provides for a time limit of up to one month for the consideration of a complaint. The complaints that do not require additional study or verification must be considered without delay or in any case not more than 15 days from the day the complaint is submitted to the competent agency. A shorter time limit is established for the consideration of complaints of members of the armed forces and their families.

Disciplinary responsibility of officials has been established in the event of violations of the procedure provided for by law for the consideration of complaints made by citizens. In instances when considerable damage has been done to state or social interests, when citizens’ rights have been infringed upon, or when the citizen who lodged the complaint has been persecuted, a criminal proceeding may be instituted against officials guilty of these acts.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"She lodged this criminal complaint out of malice - she had been ordered to pay the pending rent as per a ruling issued by Dubai Rental Disputes Centre.
That's why we have filed this criminal complaint today."
Paylan said that Senturk should be dismissed from his job, adding that the HDP filed the criminal complaint against Senturk because it does not want people using hate speech to get away with their deeds.
According to the US criminal complaint, detectives recovered computers, printers, paper and ink from the home, as well as tens of thousands of dollars in fake currencies, blank credit cards, and two Taser guns.
The criminal complaint to the Swiss attorney general follows a recommendation by FIFA FIF 's ethics judge A's ethics judge A Hans-Joachim Eckert as part of his findings into the Garcia investigation on World Cup bidding.
Blatter said however that the lodging of the criminal complaint does not affect Eckert's statement last week that the investigation into the bidding process for the two World Cups is concluded.
FIFA president Sepp Blatter has insisted however that the lodging of the criminal complaint does not affect Eckert's statement last week that the investigation into the bidding process for the two World Cups is concluded.
According to a criminal complaint filed with US District Court in Colorado, Shannon Maureen Conley, born in 1996, attended military training with the US Army Explorers earlier this year, before trying to fly to Syria to meet a co-conspirator only identified as Y.M.Y.M., whom Conley met online last year, and who told her he was an active member in the terrorist group of so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Al-Alam reported.
But they were actually undercover FBI agents, according to the criminal complaint filed in federal court in Wichita.
Three people on Tuesday filed a criminal complaint against Tokyo Electric Power Co.
The families will also lodge a criminal complaint concerning allegations that some individuals involved in the incident in June 2003 acted contrary to military law, but will not be seeking damages, Simon McKay said.
Summary: The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's lawyers will make a formal criminal complaint to France's prosecutors over invasion of their privacy.