Criminal Liability

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Liability, Criminal


a type of legal liability for violations of the law. Under Soviet law the basis of criminal liability is the commission, either intentionally or through negligence, of a dangerous act provided for by criminal law. Criminal liability ensues primarily from the commission of crimes, but it may also ensue from the preparation of a crime, an attempted crime, or complicity. Criminal proceedings may be instituted only if the elements of a crime, as established by law, are present.

Instituting criminal proceedings means initiating a criminal case, investigating it, and then considering it in court. The procedure for the investigation and court hearing of a criminal case is regulated by the norms of criminal procedural law. The execution of a court’s guilty verdict—the actual realization of criminal liability—is governed by the norms of corrective labor law.

Criminal liability ceases when the convicted person has served his punishment. All criminal legal consequences of criminal liability are removed after the criminal record is canceled or cleared.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I claim that killing due to provocation does not infringe upon all of these protected values, and for that reason reduced criminal liability is justified.
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The doctrine of corporate criminal liability is notoriously
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The Newly Introduced Criminal Liability of Companies
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Our relatively brief discussions about the status of criminal liability of corporations for commission of or complicity in atrocity crimes led to a dead end, but that only speaks to the issue of criminal liability.
New York: Amid raging controversy over loan defaults by corporates, RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan has said the issue of bad loans gets "loaded with a lot of morality" and it is necessary to keep criminal liability separate for putting the stressed assets back on track.