Criminal Liability


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Liability, Criminal

 

a type of legal liability for violations of the law. Under Soviet law the basis of criminal liability is the commission, either intentionally or through negligence, of a dangerous act provided for by criminal law. Criminal liability ensues primarily from the commission of crimes, but it may also ensue from the preparation of a crime, an attempted crime, or complicity. Criminal proceedings may be instituted only if the elements of a crime, as established by law, are present.

Instituting criminal proceedings means initiating a criminal case, investigating it, and then considering it in court. The procedure for the investigation and court hearing of a criminal case is regulated by the norms of criminal procedural law. The execution of a court’s guilty verdict—the actual realization of criminal liability—is governed by the norms of corrective labor law.

Criminal liability ceases when the convicted person has served his punishment. All criminal legal consequences of criminal liability are removed after the criminal record is canceled or cleared.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is then plausible that fewer managers are being convicted when corporate criminal liability is available than when it is not.
Against that backdrop, only 2 per cent of Philippines' total crime incidents are committed by children, half of which are poverty-related crimes such as theft - based on data by the Philippine National Police (PNP), said activists who have vowed to fight plans of Congress to lower the age of criminal liability.
DOJ noted the criminal liability provision in the OSH Act is not sufficiently meaningful, but it can make criminal enforcement more meaningful by bringing charges for other serious offenses that may occur in association with OSH Act violations, such as obstruction of justice, false statements, witness tampering, conspiracy and environmental and endangerment crimes.
The risks associated with an accusation of retaliation against a whistleblower can be dire, so just as a defense to the whistleblower's allegations must be developed, protections must be put into place to prevent potential criminal liability.
If any entity--human or robot--intentionally engages in actions that are prohibited by law, then criminal liability may be imposed.
For example, Hallevy misrepresents medical diagnostic robots by portraying them as commonplace and possessing the awareness required for criminal liability.
and type of administrative dictates that can define criminal liability.
Should you fail to implement either of the above by the beginning of the 2014 FIFA World Cup BrazilTM on June 12, your failure to comply will expose you to civil and criminal liability," reads the letter.
The Westray explosion created an opportunity to revisit this predominant approach to corporate crime and corporate criminal liability.
The acting law stipulates only criminal liability for the law violation.
The provisions for corporate criminal liability should reflect the more progressive models of corporate criminal liability.
Secondly, the court examines the consequences of this interpretation on the criminal liability of the pharmacists in question.