Criminal Procedure

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Criminal Procedure


the activities of agencies of inquiry and investigation, the procuracy, and the courts in the initiation, preliminary investigation, and judicial decision of criminal cases, conducted in the manner established by criminal procedural law and by the means and methods prescribed by such law. The tasks of Soviet criminal procedure are the speedy and complete exposure of crimes, the sure and just punishment of crimes, the strengthening of socialist legality, the prevention of crimes, and the education of citizens in the spirit of undeviating execution of the laws.

Criminal procedure is conducted by the competent bodies to which the corresponding functions have been assigned by law under the system of legal relations, which include guarantees of the rights and legal interests of participants in a case. All procedural acts—investigative and judicial—are conducted according to form strictly established by law, which ensures the optimum realization of the tasks of criminal procedure.

Criminal procedure consists of several successive stages, each of which includes a check of the preceding stage: initiation of a criminal case, inquiry, preliminary investigation, arraignment, judicial consideration, cassational proceedings, execution of sentence, and, in some cases, supervisory proceedings and proceedings as a result of newly discovered circumstances.

The science of criminal procedure studies procedural regularities, fundamental concepts and principles, and prescribed order and the execution of such order. The most important part of the science of criminal procedure is the theory of evidence, which studies the problems of proof in criminal cases.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 Criminal Procedure Law, within 10 days after the cease of the measure, the judge of rights and liberties shall have the competence to render a decision about the appeal, having regard to art.
The Effects of Admitting Guilt in Criminal Procedure Law Area
He refused to grant my motion to require respondents to produce documents that were mentioned but not attached to their counteraffidavit for the same reason-a provision in the Revised Rules on Criminal Procedure.
Among the highlights of this year's work, the Criminal Procedure Rules Committee undertook a comprehensive review of every rule of criminal procedure to determine whether it is necessary, current, and complies with applicable case law.
In principle, the applicability of international criminal procedure is not inseverable from the enforcement of individual criminal responsibility for specific offences.
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Dressler (law, Ohio State U.) and Thomas (law, Rutgers U.) provide a fifth edition of their casebook on criminal procedure, prepared as a resource for students and professors.
Included in Indiana Criminal Practice Rules 2013 are recent amendments to the Indiana Criminal Procedure Rules, effective January 1, 2013 and the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, effective December 1, 2012.
In function, if not inform, criminal procedure is a type of delegation.
Summary: The police registered the case against the Congress leader under Section 156 of the Criminal Procedure Code.
House Speaker Joe Straus, R-San Antonio, had designated a House Select Committee on Criminal Procedure Reform.
An official source at the Public Prosecution said the annulment of the criminal procedure on security cheques does not negate its right to take legal action on financial rights of these banks and companies.

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