Criminal Procedure

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Criminal Procedure

 

the activities of agencies of inquiry and investigation, the procuracy, and the courts in the initiation, preliminary investigation, and judicial decision of criminal cases, conducted in the manner established by criminal procedural law and by the means and methods prescribed by such law. The tasks of Soviet criminal procedure are the speedy and complete exposure of crimes, the sure and just punishment of crimes, the strengthening of socialist legality, the prevention of crimes, and the education of citizens in the spirit of undeviating execution of the laws.

Criminal procedure is conducted by the competent bodies to which the corresponding functions have been assigned by law under the system of legal relations, which include guarantees of the rights and legal interests of participants in a case. All procedural acts—investigative and judicial—are conducted according to form strictly established by law, which ensures the optimum realization of the tasks of criminal procedure.

Criminal procedure consists of several successive stages, each of which includes a check of the preceding stage: initiation of a criminal case, inquiry, preliminary investigation, arraignment, judicial consideration, cassational proceedings, execution of sentence, and, in some cases, supervisory proceedings and proceedings as a result of newly discovered circumstances.

The science of criminal procedure studies procedural regularities, fundamental concepts and principles, and prescribed order and the execution of such order. The most important part of the science of criminal procedure is the theory of evidence, which studies the problems of proof in criminal cases.

References in periodicals archive ?
Nistoreanu, Gheorghe, Tulbure, Ian Stefan, Apetrei, Mihai, and Nae, Laurentiu (1999), Criminal Procedure Law Text Book, Bucharest: Europa Nova Publishing House.
Commission on China, Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China (Feb.
Head of Department Department of Criminal Procedure Law and Forensic Science Faculty of Political and Legal Sciences University of Pecs 48-as ter 1, 7622 PECS, Hungary E-mail: herke@ajk.
It is an offence under the Criminal Procedure Law for someone to "entice" witnesses to change their testimony.
In addition, the revision of the Criminal Procedure Law (CPL) in 1996 highlighted the role of the lawyer in the criminal process and allowed the lawyer to participate in the process as early as the preliminary stage.
20(1)(b) of the Criminal Procedure Law,(12) which provides that a juror should be disqualified if "[hie has a state of mind that is likely to preclude him from rendering an impartial verdict based upon the evidence adduced at the trial.
The Parliament hold in early August extraordinary sessions to discuss comprehensive amendment for Criminal Procedure Law, that will be the first since the fifties.
Ibrahim Ahmed Omer, Tuesday approved the reports of its Legislation and Justice and Human Rights Committee on the provisional orders on the Act of the Ministry of Justice and the Criminal Procedure Law for the year 2017.
Numerous national and regional training seminars have subsequently been conducted for judicial personnel (including judges) addressing issues related to criminal law, criminal procedure law, land law and other current topics.
Therefore, special measures should be taken to preserve the criminal evidences, where article 53 of the Bahraini Criminal Procedure Law stresses the importance of preserving the crime scene.
The accused has the right to request a retrial under the criminal procedure law if he is arrested or hands himself in to the court.
As previously stated, as far as custody on remand is concerned, the new criminal procedure law is more severe that the requirements of the European Convention for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, allowing a person to be arrested or taken into Police custody if there are credible reasons to suspect that the person committed a crime or if there are grounded reasons to believe that it is necessary to prevent a crime from being committed or the perpetrator from running away after committing a crime.