Criminal Procedure

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Criminal Procedure

 

the activities of agencies of inquiry and investigation, the procuracy, and the courts in the initiation, preliminary investigation, and judicial decision of criminal cases, conducted in the manner established by criminal procedural law and by the means and methods prescribed by such law. The tasks of Soviet criminal procedure are the speedy and complete exposure of crimes, the sure and just punishment of crimes, the strengthening of socialist legality, the prevention of crimes, and the education of citizens in the spirit of undeviating execution of the laws.

Criminal procedure is conducted by the competent bodies to which the corresponding functions have been assigned by law under the system of legal relations, which include guarantees of the rights and legal interests of participants in a case. All procedural acts—investigative and judicial—are conducted according to form strictly established by law, which ensures the optimum realization of the tasks of criminal procedure.

Criminal procedure consists of several successive stages, each of which includes a check of the preceding stage: initiation of a criminal case, inquiry, preliminary investigation, arraignment, judicial consideration, cassational proceedings, execution of sentence, and, in some cases, supervisory proceedings and proceedings as a result of newly discovered circumstances.

The science of criminal procedure studies procedural regularities, fundamental concepts and principles, and prescribed order and the execution of such order. The most important part of the science of criminal procedure is the theory of evidence, which studies the problems of proof in criminal cases.

References in periodicals archive ?
Commission on China, Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China (Feb.
It is an offence under the Criminal Procedure Law for someone to "entice" witnesses to change their testimony.
In addition, the revision of the Criminal Procedure Law (CPL) in 1996 highlighted the role of the lawyer in the criminal process and allowed the lawyer to participate in the process as early as the preliminary stage.
20(1)(b) of the Criminal Procedure Law,(12) which provides that a juror should be disqualified if "[hie has a state of mind that is likely to preclude him from rendering an impartial verdict based upon the evidence adduced at the trial.
Considering I have no intention to report to the Court any more, the Court is obliged to, under the Criminal Procedure Law, to take me into custody immediately.
Beijing, Sept 1(ANI): Legal experts have expressed mixed views to a clause in China's Criminal Procedure Law that allows police to conduct secret investigations and detain national security crime suspects.
As for his latest massacre that cost the lives of four people from the same family, Tamkosar was released with the latest amendment in the Criminal Procedure Law.
At the Juba conference the twenty political parties declared their intention to boycott the elections unless the ruling National Congress Party (NCP) implements democratic reforms by amending several laws including the National Security Law, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure Law, the Trade Unions Act, the law of immunities, the law of personal status, press and publications law, the laws of public order.
The amendment to the criminal procedure law cleared the House of Councillors plenary session with support from the Democratic Party of Japan, the Japanese Communist Party, the Social Democratic Party and the People's New Party.
Article five of the criminal procedure law that was undertaken during questioning clearly violates article 23 of the Constitution, which therefore makes the procedures unconstitutional," argued attorney Mohammed Ahmed.
Within the scope of my powers, I have probably discussed the application of the criminal procedure law," Zvrlevski said, refusing to comment on what Jankuloska allegedly says in the recording--that "the matter with him is settled".
Criminal procedure law stipulates that the maximum preventive detention period for a felon is two years; the court exhausted the two year period before handing Mubarak a final sentence.