Cro-Magnon man


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Related to Cro-Magnon man: Neanderthal man

Cro-Magnon man

(krō-măg`nən, –măn`yən), an early Homo sapiens (the species to which modern humans belong) that lived about 40,000 years ago. Skeletal remains and associated artifacts of the of the Aurignacian culture were first found in 1868 in Les Eyzies, Dordogne, France. Later discoveries were made in a number of caverns in the Dordogne valley, Solutré, and in Spain, Germany, and central Europe. Cro-Magnon man was anatomically identical to modern humans, but differed significantly from Neanderthals (see Neanderthal manNeanderthal man
or Neandertal man
, a species of Homo, the genus to which contemporary humans belong, known as H. neandertalensis after Neanderthal (now Neandertal), Germany, the valley where the first specimen to be identified was found.
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), who disappear in the fossil about 10,000 years after the appearance of Aurignacian and other upper Paleolithic populations (e.g. the Perigordian culture). The abrupt disappearance of Neanderthal populations and the associated Mousterian technologies, the sudden appearance of modern Homo sapiens (who had arisen earlier in Africa and migrated to Europe) and the associated upper Paleolithic technologies, and the absence of transitional anatomical or technological forms have led many researchers to hypothesize that Neanderthals were driven to extinction through competition with Cro-Magnon or related populations. Greater linguistic competence and cultural sophistication are often suggested as characteristics tilting the competitive balance in favor of upper Paleolithic groups. Finely crafted stone and bone tools, shell and ivory jewelry, and polychrome paintings found on cave walls all testify to the cultural advancement of Cro-Magnon man. See human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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Cro-Magnon Man

 

the general name for a race of man of the Upper Paleolithic. The name was derived from the grotto of Cro-Magnon in the department of Dordogne in France, where the French archaeologist and paleontologist L. Lartet discovered Cro-Magnon remains in 1868. From an anthropological point of view, Cro-Magnon man is a subspecies of modern man (Homo sapiens). In the specialized literature, the name “CroMagnon” is used only for those local groups of ancient inhabitants of Europe that resemble the man from the Cro-Magnon grotto in type. Cro-Magnon man is characterized by tall stature, long skull, and broad face with low orbits. The features of the Cro-Magnon anthropological type are observed in the population of much later eras up to the present (for example, the Guanches of the Canary Islands).

REFERENCES

Roginskii, Ia. Ia., and M. G. Levin. Antropologiia. Moscow, 1963.
Nesturkh, M. F. Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1958. Pages 321–28.

Cro-Magnon man

[krō′mag·nən ′man]
(paleontology)
A race of tall, erect Caucasoid men having large skulls; identified from skeletons found in southern France.
A general term to describe all fossils resembling this race that belong to the upper Paleolithic (35,000-8000 B.C.) in Europe.
References in periodicals archive ?
Impossible to calculate how many in battle but we've been killing each other ever since Cro-Magnon Man brought the Final Solution to the Neanderthals with more millions dying before the first recorded battle in 1500 BC.
Neanderthal man, and his predecessor Cro-Magnon man will also stand shoulder to shoulder, both having been expertly reconstructed for the Walking with Beasts exhibition at Thinktank, at Millennium Point.
His relaxed speech and easygoing demeanor contrast sharply with what his teammates call the Saugus High defensive end: Caveman or Cro-Magnon man, among many other nicknames.
No one believes he will stick around for the new Ice Age, which is strange given the Ice Age is surely where the Cro-Magnon man hails from.
And relish the notion that once, on Penylan Hill, a tiny community thrived until the ice returned, leaving a bleak limbo for 100,000 years until our next Cardiffians, the Neanderthals arrived, and, in time, Cro-magnon Man and Celts and.
The programme explodes the myth of Neanderthals being undeveloped cavemen and gives a more realistic picture of the big-nosed race which was eventually ousted by the Cro-Magnon man or homo sapiens, our ancestor.
While you might see better pictures in the Louvre, remember that these were painted by Cro-Magnon Man 17,000 years ago.