Cro-Magnon man

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Cro-Magnon man

(krō-măg`nən, –măn`yən), an early Homo sapiens (the species to which modern humans belong) that lived about 40,000 years ago. Skeletal remains and associated artifacts of the of the Aurignacian culture were first found in 1868 in Les Eyzies, Dordogne, France. Later discoveries were made in a number of caverns in the Dordogne valley, Solutré, and in Spain, Germany, and central Europe. Cro-Magnon man was anatomically identical to modern humans, but differed significantly from Neanderthals (see Neanderthal manNeanderthal man
or Neandertal man
, a species of Homo, the genus to which contemporary humans belong, known as H. neandertalensis after Neanderthal (now Neandertal), Germany, the valley where the first specimen to be identified was found.
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), who disappear in the fossil about 10,000 years after the appearance of Aurignacian and other upper Paleolithic populations (e.g. the Perigordian culture). The abrupt disappearance of Neanderthal populations and the associated Mousterian technologies, the sudden appearance of modern Homo sapiens (who had arisen earlier in Africa and migrated to Europe) and the associated upper Paleolithic technologies, and the absence of transitional anatomical or technological forms have led many researchers to hypothesize that Neanderthals were driven to extinction through competition with Cro-Magnon or related populations. Greater linguistic competence and cultural sophistication are often suggested as characteristics tilting the competitive balance in favor of upper Paleolithic groups. Finely crafted stone and bone tools, shell and ivory jewelry, and polychrome paintings found on cave walls all testify to the cultural advancement of Cro-Magnon man. See human evolutionhuman evolution,
theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection (see Darwinism).
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.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cro-Magnon Man

 

the general name for a race of man of the Upper Paleolithic. The name was derived from the grotto of Cro-Magnon in the department of Dordogne in France, where the French archaeologist and paleontologist L. Lartet discovered Cro-Magnon remains in 1868. From an anthropological point of view, Cro-Magnon man is a subspecies of modern man (Homo sapiens). In the specialized literature, the name “CroMagnon” is used only for those local groups of ancient inhabitants of Europe that resemble the man from the Cro-Magnon grotto in type. Cro-Magnon man is characterized by tall stature, long skull, and broad face with low orbits. The features of the Cro-Magnon anthropological type are observed in the population of much later eras up to the present (for example, the Guanches of the Canary Islands).

REFERENCES

Roginskii, Ia. Ia., and M. G. Levin. Antropologiia. Moscow, 1963.
Nesturkh, M. F. Proiskhozhdenie cheloveka. Moscow, 1958. Pages 321–28.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cro-Magnon man

[krō′mag·nən ′man]
(paleontology)
A race of tall, erect Caucasoid men having large skulls; identified from skeletons found in southern France.
A general term to describe all fossils resembling this race that belong to the upper Paleolithic (35,000-8000 B.C.) in Europe.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fagan (anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, emeritus) introduces the general reader to the Cro-Magnon world.
Had our Cro-Magnon ancestors taken nine steps to light the nightly dinner fire, we'd still be crawling on all fours somewhere near the Tigris River.
The premise, largely based on the Geico ad campaign featuring Cro-Magnon men dealing with a modern world, didn't appear to translate well as a series.
Unfortunately for the researchers, perceptions about parenting skills and fidelity aside, when asked to choose which man they were more likely to sleep with, 100% of the women selected a picture of a cigar-chomping Cro-Magnon man on a Harley over the "controls," who just happened to be wearing white lab coats, glasses, and stethoscopes.
We took a second group to the caves in 1982 and went back yearly through 1985, mainly on the basis of travel article assignments from Destinations, Diversions, The Chicago Tribune, Frequent Flyer, and, in 1984, Pan Am Clipper which featured our article on Les Eyzies on the cover and brought hundreds of clients to Hotels Cro-Magnon and Centenaire, both of which were heralded in our article.
The last Cro-Magnon died out in Europe several million years ago."
In its prototype, the show attempted to poke fun at racism through a current prism, subjecting its Cro-Magnon characters to the sort of slights that African-Americans have endured through the years.
Being Cro-Magnon in the 21st century is hard enough, but could the cavemen also be gay?
"En cada cuna duerme un Cro-Magnon", escribio el biologo Jean Rostand.
We Cro-Magnon librarians were all nodding and chuckling.
In terms of perceived ancestry, with the most recent listed first, they are: Cro-Magnon, Neanderthals, and Earlier Hominids.
The creators of these artworks were Cro-Magnon hunter-gatherers living in the Upper Paleolithic Period (35,000- 12,000 B.C.).