Croakers


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Croakers

 

several fish of the family Sciaenidae of the order Percomorphi. In the USSR there are two species: Umbrina cirrhosa, a large fish (maximum length, 1.5 m; maximum weight, 30 kg) with a barbel on its lower jaw, and Sciaena umbra, a smaller fish (maximum length, 0.7 m; maximum weight, 4 kg) with no barbels. Both species are found in the Atlantic Ocean near the coast of southern Europe and Africa, and in the USSR they are found in the Black Sea. They have little commercial value.

References in periodicals archive ?
The commercial stock is further affected by the amount of Atlantic croaker that is caught as bycatch, principally through shrimp trawling--an amount that is calculated to be 60-80% of the catch by weight (NMFS, 2012).
Zuyev GV and VE Giragosov The reproduction biology and production characteristics of three species of croakers (sciaenidae) along the Guinea coast (Abstract), 1990.
Finally, and most pyrotechnically of all, is the Double Croaker, in which the verb and the adverb unite to ignite the pun:
Fecundity, batch of total, is undocumented for most southern California sciaenids with the exception of white croaker and queenfish (Love et al.
Raw materials harvested by CLAINSA's fleet of nine whiting/hake and nine croaker vessels amount to about 30,000 metric tons of whiting and hake and 15,000 tons of croaker a year.
Another winning trait of these prolific predators is that they will eat just about anything--shrimp, menhaden, croakers, pinfish, bull minnows, small finger mullet and a variety of soft plastics, top water plugs, and crank baits.
White croakers were also collected in high enough abundances during the SONGS study to warrant further analysis (Love et al.