Croakers


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Croakers

 

several fish of the family Sciaenidae of the order Percomorphi. In the USSR there are two species: Umbrina cirrhosa, a large fish (maximum length, 1.5 m; maximum weight, 30 kg) with a barbel on its lower jaw, and Sciaena umbra, a smaller fish (maximum length, 0.7 m; maximum weight, 4 kg) with no barbels. Both species are found in the Atlantic Ocean near the coast of southern Europe and Africa, and in the USSR they are found in the Black Sea. They have little commercial value.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The larger [L.sub.[infinity]] and the lower mean ages in the 400-499 mm length range were considered strong evidences that the whitemouth croakers from southern Brazil (RS) grew in a different environment than those from the southeastern Brazilian Bight (SC, PA, SIG).
In spite of focusing the whitemouth croaker in some aspects, NI MPA/MMA Nr 12/2012 is, in fact, a general norm encompassing all bottom gillnet fisheries operating in the SE/S region, excepting the monkfish one.
Abstract--The Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) is an important commercial species in the Gulf of Mexico, but this stock has been reduced historically as bycatch in other fisheries.
Mean volume of stomach contents of Atlantic croakers also changed significantly over time (F= 38.00, P< 0.0001), with mean volume highest in July (0.32 [+ or -]0.43 SD) and lowest during December (0.002 [+ or -]0.006) (Table 2).
A study conducted during the summers of 2006 and 2007 found that nearly a quarter of female Atlantic croaker fish caught in the Gulf's dead zone had developed deformed, testes-like organs instead of ovaries.
"Have another soft drink," stated Finally, and most pyrotechnically of all, is the Double Croaker, in which the verb and the adverb unite to ignite the pun:
Fecundity, batch of total, is undocumented for most southern California sciaenids with the exception of white croaker and queenfish (Love et al.
Freshwater Drum (Aplodinotus grunniens) also known as sheephead, grinder, croaker, and gaspergou are widely distributed across the Central United States, South Central Canada, and Eastern Mexico.
As of mid-1992, the company was engaged only in the harvesting of whiting/hake and croaker, with a fleet of 15 trawlers -- nine for croaker, six for whiting/hake.