The white-mouth croaker
was the most abundant species in the landings, comprising 57.
The commercial stock is further affected by the amount of Atlantic croaker
that is caught as bycatch, principally through shrimp trawling--an amount that is calculated to be 60-80% of the catch by weight (NMFS, 2012).
Zuyev GV and VE Giragosov The reproduction biology and production characteristics of three species of croakers
(sciaenidae) along the Guinea coast (Abstract), 1990.
35%) were the principal food items consumed by croakers
In this group are the croaker
and bluefish, in open sea, and the driftnets and shrimp driftnet, in the bays.
Finally, and most pyrotechnically of all, is the Double Croaker
, in which the verb and the adverb unite to ignite the pun:
Fecundity, batch of total, is undocumented for most southern California sciaenids with the exception of white croaker
and queenfish (Love et al.
Raw materials harvested by CLAINSA's fleet of nine whiting/hake and nine croaker
vessels amount to about 30,000 metric tons of whiting and hake and 15,000 tons of croaker
The yield analysis was performed with twelve whole whitemouth croakers
Age and growth of Atlantic croakers
in the north ern Gulf of Mexico, based on otolith sections.
Another winning trait of these prolific predators is that they will eat just about anything--shrimp, menhaden, croakers
, pinfish, bull minnows, small finger mullet and a variety of soft plastics, top water plugs, and crank baits.
were also collected in high enough abundances during the SONGS study to warrant further analysis (Love et al.