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a nation in Yugoslavia, numbering 4.5 million in 1971 (census). The majority of Croats (more than 3.5 million) live in Croatia and the rest in Bosnia and Hercegovina, Serbia, and the other Yugoslav republics. Outside of Yugoslavia, there are Croats living in Austria and Hungary, in the Americas (mainly in the USA), and in Australia. The Croats speak all three dialects of Serbo-Croatian. The overwhelming majority of believers are Roman Catholics, and the remainder are Orthodox, Protestants, or Muslims.

In the sixth and seventh centuries Slavic tribes, the ancestors of the Croats, lived on the northern coast of Dalmatia, in southern Istria, in northern Bosnia, and in the Sava-Drava interfluve. Among the oldest of these Slavic tribes were the Kačicć, the Šubići, and the Svačići. A Croatian state arose in the ninth century, but it was weakened by feudal strife in the late 11th and early 12th centuries. Subsequently, different parts of the Croatian lands came under the economic, political, and cultural influence of diverse states and peoples, notably the Kingdom of Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and the Hapsburg Monarchy. Although the lack of national unity left its mark on the culture of the Croats, they nevertheless managed to preserve and develop their indigenous culture, which shares many traits with the culture of the other South Slavic peoples of Yugoslavia. In 1918 the Croats and other South Slavic peoples united to form a single state, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.

In the past the Croats were divided into ethnographic groups, their names often derived from their place of habitation—for example, Zagorci (people living beyond the mountains), Medjumurci, Prigorci (people living in the foothills), and Ličane. The inhabitants of the former Military Frontier, bordering on the Ottoman Empire, were called Graničari (border people). They included refugees from Serbia and Bosnia and from various parts of Croatia. Such a division into ethnographic groups is meaningless today. Within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia the Croats are a homogeneous nation building a socialist economy and a national culture. (For the history, economy, and culture of the Croats, see and YUGOSLAVIA.)


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 1. Moscow, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
Antonetti said a majority of the three-judge panel ruled that Croatia had overall control over the Bosnian Croat entity and its armed forces and that Croat troops fought alongside Bosnian Croat forces.
The Croats broke back immediately on Murray's serve though and a vocal home crowd roared them on as they eventually took it to a tiebreak.
The Croat community represents between 10 and 14 percent of Bosnia s total population, while Bosnian Muslims make 40-48 percent of the 3.
Working in the vineyards with Croats and Serbs, enemies during the war, has not been a problem for Lizde.
Archbishop D'Errico praised the progress that Croat Catholics are making in Banja Luka, the Republika Srpska capital, especially with regard to the rebuilding of their prewar homes and the rebuilding of Catholic Church premises.
But there are no clear territorial divide in the federation -- this area Muslim, that area Croat.
Ironically, the new leaders of the Croat banovina instantly forgot their opposition to Serbian nationalizing policies after 1918 and acted the same way on a smaller scale, antagonizing the Serb minority.
The 6ft 5in Croat has fought back to world number 28 and came into the match with a 3-1 record against his opponent.
Tarara; Croats and Maori in New Zealand; memory, belonging, identity.
Some 200 ethnic Serbian inhabitants 'disappeared' in the wake of the Croat offensive, while the raped and burned bodies of teenage girls and elderly women bore testimony to the Croatian brutality.
The spark that touched off the ethnic war in Yugoslavia is said to have been lit at a 1990 soccer match between the most prominent Serb and Croat clubs, Belgrade's Red Star and Zagreb's Dinamo, when a fierce riot erupted between fans of the two teams.
For a moment it did not matter who is Muslim and who is Croat.