Crohn's disease

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Related to Crohns: IBS, colitis

colitis

colitis, inflammation of the colon, or large intestine. The term “colitis” may be used to refer to any of a number of disorders involving the colon. Symptoms include diarrhea (often with blood and mucus), abdominal pain, and fever.

Ulcerative colitis is a serious chronic inflammation and ulceration of the lining of the colon and rectum. Another form of colitis, called Crohn's disease, has similar signs and includes thickening of the intestinal wall. The disease typically occurs in the small intestine near the point where it joins the colon, but the colon and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract may be affected as well. The term “inflammatory bowel disease” has been used to refer to both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, the causes of which are unknown. A less severe disorder, known as irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, was formerly called mucous colitis.

Colitis is sometimes caused by infections with viruses, parasites, or bacteria. For example, two distinct types of dysentery are caused by amebas and bacteria. Infectious forms of colitis are often the result of poor hygienic practices. Prolonged use of antibiotics can also cause colitis, either by direct irritation of the colon or by killing bacteria that normally live in the intestine, allowing the toxin-producing bacterium Clostridium difficile to proliferate. Colitis is also sometimes caused by diverticulitis (see under diverticulosis) or by colon cancer.

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Crohn's disease

[′krōnz diz‚ēz]
(medicine)
Chronic inflammation of the colon and stomach of unknown etiology that involves the full thickness of the intestinal wall, often with bowel narrowing and obstruction of the lumen. It is usually accompanied by granulomas; and abdominal cramps, alteration of bowel function, and diminished food intake are common.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The event took place during Crohn's and Colitis Awareness Week (December 1-7).
Mrs Corby, of Horeston Grange, said: "Crohns is an incurable disease of the bowel and since I was diagnosed at 15 I have had multiple surgery.
People with Crohn's disease commonly experience phases of intense abdominal pain, exhaustion, bloody diarrhoea, sore, swollen joints and a number of other unpleasant symptoms behind closed doors.
for Crohn's Foundation is a 501c3 nonprofit organization based in Miami, Florida.
People who smoke are twice as likely to get Crohn's disease than non-smokers.
The researchers analyzed fecal samples from 20 people with Crohn's and 49 Crohn's-free patients - 28 from nine families, and 21 from four other families, all from France and Belgium.
The report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis), complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type.
According to the National Association for Colitis and Crohn's disease, Crohn's disease affects about one in every 1,600 individuals [4].
Based on the patient's presentation and history, an acute exacerbation of the patient's Crohn's disease was suspected.