Samuel Crompton

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Related to Crompton, Samuel: Edmund Cartwright
Samuel Crompton
Birthplace10 Firwood Fold, Bolton, Lancashire, England
Inventor, pioneer of the spinning industry
Known for Spinning mule

Crompton, Samuel,

1753–1827, English inventor of the mule spinner, or muslin wheel, an important step in the development of fine cotton spinning. Working as a young man in a spinning mill, he knew the defects of the Hargreaves jenny and determined to produce something better. After five years of secret work, he perfected (1779) a machine that combined the features of the jenny and Arkwright's frame and that, in one operation, by drawing, twisting, and winding the cotton, produced a very fine yarn. Crompton, however, was too poor to obtain a patent for his invention and sold his rights for £60. Later Parliament granted him £5,000.

Crompton, Samuel


Born Dec. 3, 1753, in Firwood, near Bolton, Lancashire; died June 26, 1827, in Bolton. English inventor in textile manufature.

Crompton was born into a peasant family engaged, in particular, in the textile trade. After losing his father at a young age, Crompton began to work as a spinner and weaver. In 1779 he invented the spinning mule, which played a large role in advancing the industry by spinning a finer thread than existing machines.


Tseitlin, E. A. Samuel’ Krompton i razvitie miul’ mashiny. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.