cross-sectional study

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cross-sectional study

[¦krȯs ¦sek·shən·əl ′stəd·ē]
(psychology)
The study of groups of individuals differing on the basis of specified criteria (for example, age) at the same point in time.

cross-sectional study

a method of examining a varied population at one point in time in order to gather data about people at different life stages, or in different circumstances. This method contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which investigate groups over a time period, in order to observe the developmental process, the influence of changing circumstances. The advantage of cross-sectional study is that it is quicker, not dependent on changing resources or research teams, and reduces extraneous variables resulting from the passage of time. The disadvantage is that no account of change can be given.
References in periodicals archive ?
As this was a Cross Sectional Study there were limitations regarding season, disease prevalence and associated factors.
A cross sectional study with a sample size of 377 patients was conducted from October 2017- March 2018 to assess the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal diseases in people of Gadap town.
Health seeking behaviour of elderly in rani block, kamrup (Rural) district, Assam: A community based cross sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health 2015;2:162-6.
In our cross sectional study, we found out that female medical students have higher level of MSS as compared to male medical students, the probable explanation for this finding may be that the medical colleges in Pakistan have higher proportion of female students.
Also the reason as to why we could not find association between sociodemographic variables and OTCM use could be related to the inherent problems of a cross sectional study design.
In the September issue of Oman Medical Journal, Al-Mendalawi, (1) had a few valid points to discuss regarding a previously published manuscript: Prevalence of celiac disease in Omani children with type 1 diabetes mellitus: A cross sectional study, (2) which was an observational type study.
The cross sectional study incorporated subjects from the Oxford arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, and included 361 non-vegetarians, 570 vegetarians and 102 vegans.
A history of ear infections was significantly associated with lifetime prevalence of diagnosed asthma in a cross sectional study of 7,538 children aged 2-11 years, according to data from NHANES III, said Kamal Eldeirawi and Dr.
Changing carriage rate of Neisseria meningitidis among university students during the first week of term: cross sectional study. Br Med J 2000;320:846-9.
The aim of present cross sectional study was to find out the frequency of dental and skeletal factors involved in deep bite subjects visiting department of Orthodontics, Faisalabad Medical University and de'Montmorency College of dentistry.
In 2013 a cross sectional study was undertaken in an outpatient clinic in a public tertiary care hospital in North India in 586 participants of whom 18.4% were newly diagnosed (20 V on the great toes was found to be 13.1%.9 In a study of 195 T2DM patients with newly diagnosed T2DM using the NSS and NDS to diagnose DPN the prevalence was found to be 29.2%.10 One study screened 4600 patients, within 3 months of being diagnosed with T2DM using an absence of sensation to the 128 Hz tuning fork, SWM, loss of ankle reflexes and the Michigan neuropathy screening instrument (MNSI) and established a prevalence of 13.13%.11 In a study of 208 patients with T2DM the DPN prevalence was found to be 18.3% using the MNSI history and 32.2% using the neurological exam.12