Cross-country Routes

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cross-country Routes


strips of terrain (axis) prepared for the movement of army units with their combat matériel and means of transportation off normal roads (on virgin land).

Cross-country routes are used in different types of combat action, especially in an offensive in deploying troops from a march formation to a combat formation. They are prepared for one- or two-lane traffic and separately for wheeled and tracklaying vehicles. Directions on the cross-country routes are marked with road signs; the portion to be driven on is cleared, ditches and craters are filled, drainage is implemented, and bridges are built across narrow obstacles; where necessary, corduroy roads are built, or previously prepared road covers are laid. Cross-country routes are usually built by combat troops; more complex work (such as mine clearing and the building of bridges) is carried out by engineer subunits.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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