Crotona


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Crotona

(krōtō`nə),

Croton,

or

Kroton

(both: krō`tən), ancient city, S Italy, on the east coast of Bruttium (now Calabria), a colony of Magna GraeciaMagna Graecia
[Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory.
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 founded c.708 B.C. There PythagorasPythagoras
, c.582–c.507 B.C., pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, founder of the Pythagorean school. He migrated from his native Samos to Crotona and established a secret religious society or order similar to, and possibly influenced by, the earlier Orphic cult.
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 established his school, which exerted a notable political and moral influence. The nearby temple of Hera Lacinia was the religious shrine of Magna Graecia. Crotona's athletes won fame at the Olympic games. The height of the city's prosperity was reached after the army, led by the athlete Milo, destroyed the rival town of Sybaris (510 B.C.). Crotona then became involved in wars and soon declined. It was captured by the Romans in 277 B.C.; until modern times it was never more than a provincial town. It was called Cotrone from the Middle Ages until 1928, when its name was changed to Crotone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Located at 1420 Crotona Park East, the eight-story, 36,400 s/f building includes 60 studio apartments, 36 of which are for formerly homeless individuals with chronic conditions, and 24 of which are reserved for seniors currently on the NYCHA wait list.
En el celebre fragmento de Alcmeon de Crotona (V, 30 1: D-K 24 B 4) se define la salud como la mezcla proporcionada (krasis) de las cualidades.
But what Crotona Park in the Bronx and Sea Breeze Park in Brooklyn were to black ball players, West 4th Street in Manhattan was where the best pink ball action could be seen.
Es el caso del cuadro Zeuxis y las muchachas de Crotona del pintor Francesco Solimena (1657-1747) (14).
Alcmeon de Crotona, evocado por Platon en Fedro, fue quien dijo "perecen los hombres por no saber unir el principio con el fin", aludiendo con ello a la corruptibilidad del cuerpo y a la inmortalidad del alma.
En esos juegos destaca sobre todos la figura de Milon de Crotona [1], a quien se le supone casado con la hija de Pitagoras, el mas sabio de los sabios de Grecia.
El episodio de Crotona, la tercera seccion conservada del Satyricon de Petronio, se abre con el discurso del vilicus, uno de los momentos narrativos mas desconcertantes de la obra.
1) El episodio--narrado en el proemio del libro segundo, del pintor Zeuxis, que convoco a las chicas mas bellas de Crotona para conseguir a traves de la sintesis de sus imagenes la representacion mas perfecta posible de la diosa Afrodita--da la impresion de que el primer tratado ciceroniano esta construido sobre una concepcion mimetica de la retorica.
Al norte de Crotona buscar habreis de Calabria la amarillenta ciudad a la que ligero, de mis huestes enloquecidas acompanando, el grito orgiastico incontenible al aire alzando, y de hiedra y serpientes mi frente ornada, pronto vendre.
Mas apesar de todas as discussoes feitas pelos filosofos pre-socraticos, o primeiro a apontar o cerebro como sede da razao e centro de todas as sensacoes foi Alcmeon de Crotona, filosofo e medico, que viveu por volta de 500-450 a.
Pese a que el termino nervosa se atribuye a Richard Morton (1689), se revisan en este articulo sus verdaderos origenes, los que pueden remontarse a Empedocles de Agrigento, y mas atras a Alcmeon de Crotona, discipulo de Pitagoras.
Pero incluso la excepcion segedense muestra unas dimensiones muy inferiores a las colonias griegas de occidente como Massalia con 50 Ha, Veleia y Cumas con 72 Ha, Neapolis con 80 Ha, Posidonia, Metaponto y Heraclea con mas de 100 Ha, Gela, Locri y Crotona con mas de 200 Ha, y Sibaris, Tarento y Agrigento con mas de 500 Ha (Almagro 1987: 30).