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(both: krō`tən), ancient city, S Italy, on the east coast of Bruttium (now Calabria), a colony of Magna GraeciaMagna Graecia
[Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory.
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 founded c.708 B.C. There PythagorasPythagoras
, c.582–c.507 B.C., pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, founder of the Pythagorean school. He migrated from his native Samos to Crotona and established a secret religious society or order similar to, and possibly influenced by, the earlier Orphic cult.
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 established his school, which exerted a notable political and moral influence. The nearby temple of Hera Lacinia was the religious shrine of Magna Graecia. Crotona's athletes won fame at the Olympic games. The height of the city's prosperity was reached after the army, led by the athlete Milo, destroyed the rival town of Sybaris (510 B.C.). Crotona then became involved in wars and soon declined. It was captured by the Romans in 277 B.C.; until modern times it was never more than a provincial town. It was called Cotrone from the Middle Ages until 1928, when its name was changed to Crotone.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Following the gruesome discovery Friday, a large portion of the Crotona Park was cordoned off as the police searched for clues.
I also spent a lot of time in Crotona Park: its WPA swimming pool, Public Vegetable Growing project, and wooded areas where I could invent my own stories.
But what Crotona Park in the Bronx and Sea Breeze Park in Brooklyn were to black ball players, West 4th Street in Manhattan was where the best pink ball action could be seen.