For crowberries, the three inventories did not differ significantly (2000: H = 1.1, DF = 2, p = 0.583, 2001: H = 2.8, DF = 2, p = 0.241).
No significant annual variation was found for crowberries, although there was a tendency towards more berries in 2000, especially regarding berries [m.sup.-2] (p = 0.07) and berries m-3 foliage (p = 0.055) (Table 5).
Crowberries, however, showed the opposite pattern (t = 3594.0, p < 0.001).
The strongest positive preference was found for bilberries and a weaker positive preference was found for crowberries. Lingonberries were not preferred in either year (Fig.
Eriksson and Ehrlen (1991) reported that both the carbohydrate content and mean fresh berry weight were much higher in bilberries (31.1% of dry weight and 0.48 g, respectively) than in lingonberries (15.4%, 0.25 g) or crowberries (14.4%, 0.14 g).
During 2000, the FV of crowberries in bear scats was the highest we documented, and was 1.4 times higher than in 2001.
Blackcurrants and, to a lower extent, bilberries and raspberries had similar effects, whereas neither crowberries
, prunes, nor blackberries caused any significant improvements of metabolic parameters in this study.
In the case of crowberries
, this is indeed the middle of winter, after frosts have broken down some of the nutrients and neutralized some of the acid.
Mattak (whale skin), Brunnich's guillemot, dried cod, crowberries, and seal meat were the most popular traditional items, while rye bread, potatoes, vegetables, apples, and mutton were the most preferred imported foods.
Men and women had the same preferences for most of the food items, but women gave higher ratings than men to crowberries, dried cod, and guillemot from the traditional food group, and to vegetables, potatoes, apples, and rye bread from the imported food group.
Blueberries raw 92 Cloudberries raw 91 Crowberries
raw 89 with canned sardines 80 and vegetable oil Bog cranberries raw 82 frozen 63 cooked 27 Red bearberries raw 21 (1) Choices were "often," "sometimes," or "not at all." The lack of statistically significant differences between male and female respondents in mean household estimates of traditional food use suggests that both are quite familiar with household use of these foods.