Crozet Islands


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Crozet Islands

 

a group of rocky volcanic islands in the southern Indian Ocean (46°S lat. and 50°–52°E long.), located on the underwater Crozet Plateau. The Crozet Islands belong to France. Area, more than 300 sq km. The largest island is He de la Possession (area, approximately 150 sq km). The islands are composed primarily of basalts; elevation reaches 954 m (He de la Possession). The Crozets were discovered in 1772 by the French expedition of N. Marion Dufresne and were named after an officer on one of the ships. The French founded Port Alfred scientific station on He de la Possession in 1962 to make systematic meteorological and geophysical observations.

References in periodicals archive ?
This amount is higher than the results obtained from some different locations in the world such as Mediterranean Sea [19], South East Atlantic [21], Crozet Islands, Southern Ocean [22], Western Atlantic Ocean [23], North and South Atlantic gyre of Atlantic Ocean [24], and Angola Gyre of Atlantic Ocean [25], except the Bosphorus area [21] (see Table 5).
The Crozet Islands, discovered in 1772 by Marion Dufresne, also sounded like an attractive opportunity for sealing, but Captain Pendleton in the Union of New York searched for them without success in 1802 before travelling on to hunt seals on the Australian south coast, where he met the French explorer Baudin.
To test an alternative, researchers sent a remote-controlled rover into penguin colonies in Antarctica and the Crozet Islands. The team equipped king penguins with heart rate monitors.
"The Crozet Islands are extremely windy, and there were only a few hours when the wind dropped enough to fly it."
In addition to independent states, there are many island territories which are controlled by outsiders such as France (Reunion, St Paul, Amsterdam, Kerguelen, and Crozet Islands), the United Kingdom (The British Indian Ocean territory or Chagos Archipelago), Australia (Cocos, Christmas, Ashmore and Carter islands and Heard and MacDonald islands), India (Andaman, Nicobar and Lakshadeep islands) South Africa (Marion and Prince Edward islands) and Yemen (Socotra) Also the Indian Ocean's littoral states have claims to exclusive economic zones.2 The Indian Ocean region is home to 2.6 billion people or 39% of the world population.3 The people living in the region belong to different races, religions and cultures.
Colour aberrations and physical deformities in the king penguin Aptenodytes patagonicus at the Crozet Islands. Marine Ornithology 30:1-4.
Tsunami watch in effect for the entire Indian Ocean region, Africa, Asia after massive earthquake hit Sumatra The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii issued an urgent tsunami watch for coastal regions in Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Australia, Myanmar, Thailand, Maldives, United Kingdom, Malaysia, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles, Pakistan, Somalia, Oman, Madagascar, Iran, Uae, Yemen, Comores, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Mozambique, Kenya, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Islands, South Africa, Singapore.
The team conducted their experiment in 2004-2005 on the seas around the Crozet Islands and Plateau at the northern boundary of the Southern Ocean, about 1,400 miles (2,200 kilometers) southeast of South Africa.
These results are now set to be compared with 50 wild penguins, who are being fitted with heart rate monitors when they come on land to breed in the Crozet Islands, in the southern Indian Ocean, 1,500 miles north of the Antarctic.
France's Southern Ocean and Antarctic territories (collectivite territoriale des Terres australes et antarctiques francaises - TAAF) include the Kerguelen and Crozet Islands, Amsterdam and Saint-Paul and Terre Adelie, the French part of the Antarctic continent.
The diets and dietary segregation of seabirds at the subantarctic Crozet Islands. Mar.
In the subantarctic Crozet Islands, killer whales (Orcinus orca) have been observed Inking up to 25% of the southern elephant seal pups (Mirounga leonina) from one beach (Guinet and louvenlin 1990).