ligament

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ligament

(lĭg`əmənt), strong band of white fibrous connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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 that joins bones to other bones or to cartilage in the joint areas. The bundles of collagenous fibers that form ligaments tend to be pliable but not elastic. They therefore permit freedom of movement within a certain limited range while holding the attached bones firmly in place. For example, the ligaments at the knee limit the movement of the lower leg to a certain range. Other types of ligaments form fibrous sheets that support such internal organs as the kidneys and the spleen.

Ligament

A strong, flexible connective tissue band usually found between two bony prominences. Most ligaments are composed of dense fibrous tissue formed by parallel bundles of collagen fibers. They have a shining white appearance and are pliable, strong, and noncompliant. A second kind of ligament, composed either partly or almost entirely of yellow elastic fibers, is extensible or compliant, thereby allowing the connected bones to move apart. See Connective tissue, Joint (anatomy)

Ligament

 

in man, a dense band or layer of fibrous tissue that connects skeletal bones or individual organs. Ligaments usually are found near joints and perform a variety of functions, depending on the movements in the joint. Joint capsules are strengthened by reinforcing ligaments, limited in their amplitude by inhibiting ligaments, and directed in their movements by directing ligaments. In many joints, ligaments act as passive bands whose attenuation impairs static functions and alters the shape of the corresponding elements of the skeleton. The main blood vessels that nourish bone pass through some ligaments. The microscopic structure of articular ligaments consists of a variety of dense fibrous tissue whose dominant elements are bands of collagenous and elastic fibers.

The term “ligament” is often applied to anatomic formations not associated with joints, for example, the ligaments of visceral organs, which consist of fine double layers of peritoneum.

ligament

[′lig·ə·mənt]
(engineering)
The section of solid material in a tube sheet or shell between adjacent holes.
(histology)
A flexible, dense white fibrous connective tissue joining, and sometimes encapsulating, the articular surfaces of bones.

ligament

Anatomy any one of the bands or sheets of tough fibrous connective tissue that restrict movement in joints, connect various bones or cartilages, support muscles, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Shelbourne KD, Davis TJ, Patel DV: The natural history of acute, isolated, nonoperatively treated posterior cruciate ligament injuries: a prospective study.
This point anatomically is 7mm medial to the posterior margin of meniscus horn and 7mm in front of anterior cruciate ligament [8, 27].
Prospective evaluation of arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: Patellar tendon versus semitendinosus and gracilis tendons.
Cruciate ligament damage is most often treated with surgery.
In a statement, the club confirmed: "Fabian Delph suffered a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in his left knee in training on Saturday at Bodymoor.
The coastal club's official website mentioned that the 25-year-old suffered a cruciate ligament rupture during a recent friendly game.
The Scotland defender had been out since September after rupturing his cruciate ligament just a month into a season-long loan spell at Burnley.
Patients are imaged supine with the knee in slight external rotation both for better visualization of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and patient comfort.
Named for its replacement of the two areas of the knee most commonly affected by osteoarthritis, the Deuce system allows surgeons to keep a patient's anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) intact--something traditional knee replacement does not achieve.
Q My eight-year-old English springer spaniel had major surgery on his cruciate ligament last year.
It was the first game for the Clippers since seeing Livingston go down with a horrific left knee injury Monday, in which he dislocated his left knee and kneecap and tore his anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament and lateral meniscus.
The company says the tissues were implanted in a patient to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in his knee.