ligament

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ligament

(lĭg`əmənt), strong band of white fibrous connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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 that joins bones to other bones or to cartilage in the joint areas. The bundles of collagenous fibers that form ligaments tend to be pliable but not elastic. They therefore permit freedom of movement within a certain limited range while holding the attached bones firmly in place. For example, the ligaments at the knee limit the movement of the lower leg to a certain range. Other types of ligaments form fibrous sheets that support such internal organs as the kidneys and the spleen.

Ligament

A strong, flexible connective tissue band usually found between two bony prominences. Most ligaments are composed of dense fibrous tissue formed by parallel bundles of collagen fibers. They have a shining white appearance and are pliable, strong, and noncompliant. A second kind of ligament, composed either partly or almost entirely of yellow elastic fibers, is extensible or compliant, thereby allowing the connected bones to move apart. See Connective tissue, Joint (anatomy)

Ligament

 

in man, a dense band or layer of fibrous tissue that connects skeletal bones or individual organs. Ligaments usually are found near joints and perform a variety of functions, depending on the movements in the joint. Joint capsules are strengthened by reinforcing ligaments, limited in their amplitude by inhibiting ligaments, and directed in their movements by directing ligaments. In many joints, ligaments act as passive bands whose attenuation impairs static functions and alters the shape of the corresponding elements of the skeleton. The main blood vessels that nourish bone pass through some ligaments. The microscopic structure of articular ligaments consists of a variety of dense fibrous tissue whose dominant elements are bands of collagenous and elastic fibers.

The term “ligament” is often applied to anatomic formations not associated with joints, for example, the ligaments of visceral organs, which consist of fine double layers of peritoneum.

ligament

[′lig·ə·mənt]
(engineering)
The section of solid material in a tube sheet or shell between adjacent holes.
(histology)
A flexible, dense white fibrous connective tissue joining, and sometimes encapsulating, the articular surfaces of bones.

ligament

Anatomy any one of the bands or sheets of tough fibrous connective tissue that restrict movement in joints, connect various bones or cartilages, support muscles, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most common type of posterior cruciate ligament tear was the mid-substance tear.
Ardern CL, Webster KE, Taylor NF, Feller JA, 2011, Return to sport following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the state of play.
femoral or fibular), (15) Manner and coworkers devised a characterization system for cruciate ligament dysplasia.
Abbreviations ACL --anterior cruciate ligament BHB --bone-hamstring-bone BMI --body mass index IKDC --International Knee Documentation Committee RCI --round cannulated interference screw SD --standard deviation WHO --World Health Organization
Cyclops syndrome due to a lesion of the anterior cruciate ligament.
Because the symptoms of cruciate ligament ganglion cysts are variable and nonspecific, the diagnosis is rarely made on clinical grounds alone.
Its anterior end is attached in front of the intercondyloid eminence of the tibia, laterally and behind the anterior cruciate ligament, with which it blends.
The visualization in anterior cruciate ligament injuries is applied through direct radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasonography (usg) and arthroscopy.
The over-the-top procedure: a technique for anterior cruciate ligament substitution in the dog.
QPR manager Mark Hughes has backed Andrew Johnson to come back stronger from the cruciate ligament injury that will keep him out for the bulk of this season.
QPR striker Andrew Johnson will miss the majority of the season after suffering a cruciate ligament injury in Saturday's goalless draw with Chelsea.