ligament

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ligament

(lĭg`əmənt), strong band of white fibrous connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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 that joins bones to other bones or to cartilage in the joint areas. The bundles of collagenous fibers that form ligaments tend to be pliable but not elastic. They therefore permit freedom of movement within a certain limited range while holding the attached bones firmly in place. For example, the ligaments at the knee limit the movement of the lower leg to a certain range. Other types of ligaments form fibrous sheets that support such internal organs as the kidneys and the spleen.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Ligament

A strong, flexible connective tissue band usually found between two bony prominences. Most ligaments are composed of dense fibrous tissue formed by parallel bundles of collagen fibers. They have a shining white appearance and are pliable, strong, and noncompliant. A second kind of ligament, composed either partly or almost entirely of yellow elastic fibers, is extensible or compliant, thereby allowing the connected bones to move apart. See Connective tissue, Joint (anatomy)

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ligament

 

in man, a dense band or layer of fibrous tissue that connects skeletal bones or individual organs. Ligaments usually are found near joints and perform a variety of functions, depending on the movements in the joint. Joint capsules are strengthened by reinforcing ligaments, limited in their amplitude by inhibiting ligaments, and directed in their movements by directing ligaments. In many joints, ligaments act as passive bands whose attenuation impairs static functions and alters the shape of the corresponding elements of the skeleton. The main blood vessels that nourish bone pass through some ligaments. The microscopic structure of articular ligaments consists of a variety of dense fibrous tissue whose dominant elements are bands of collagenous and elastic fibers.

The term “ligament” is often applied to anatomic formations not associated with joints, for example, the ligaments of visceral organs, which consist of fine double layers of peritoneum.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ligament

[′lig·ə·mənt]
(engineering)
The section of solid material in a tube sheet or shell between adjacent holes.
(histology)
A flexible, dense white fibrous connective tissue joining, and sometimes encapsulating, the articular surfaces of bones.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ligament

Anatomy any one of the bands or sheets of tough fibrous connective tissue that restrict movement in joints, connect various bones or cartilages, support muscles, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Anterior cruciate ligament injury was found to be positively associated with medial femoral condyle contusion and medial tibial plateau contusion and negatively associated with lateral tibial plateau contusion and lateral meniscus injury (Table 3) (Figures 1-4).
Without that slope, the cranial cruciate ligament is no longer as important; the knee is stable without it.
The [sz] angle was measured as the angle formed by the Blumensaat line and the long axis of the femur [Figure 6].[26] To measure the medial and lateral tibial plateau slopes, we chose the sagittal slice that clearly showed the intercondylar eminence and the attachment of the posterior cruciate ligament. Then, we drew two circles, one that was tangent to the proximal, anterior, and posterior tibial edges and another that was tangent to the anterior and posterior tibial edges.
High prevalance of osteoarthritis 14 years after an anterior cruciate ligament tear in male soccer players: a study of radiographic and patient relevant outcomes.
Bogunovic etal systematic review showed no advantage of suture over screw fixation in terms of clinical outcome4.Our study evaluated the clinical outcome of open reduction and screw fixation of anterior cruciate ligament avulsion injuries in 30 military soldiers.
Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries: risk factors and prevention strategies.
Effect of a too posterior placement of the tibial tunnel on the outcome 10-12 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using the 70-degree tibial guide.
This correlate well with the study done by Shankman et al, [16] wherein they stated that tear of the anterior horns of lateral meniscus is unusual and false positive findings on MRI are probably due to increased signal in the anterior horn of lateral meniscus, because of the junction in the fibrocartilage and collagen at the central attachment site of the anterior horn of lateral meniscus and anterior cruciate ligament. This signal intensity changes can be mistaken as tear.
When the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is injured, ACL reconstruction is usually considered the gold standard of treatment, especially in active young patients (Zaffagnini, Grassi, Serra, Marcacci, 2015).
Once the team was happy with the position of the two cruciate ligaments, the repair of the lateral collateral ligament followed.
He had a range of motion of 0[degrees] to 120[degrees], a grade 2A Lachman score, grade 3 posterior drawer test, positive dial test, and open 6 mm to 10 mm to varus stress at 30[degrees] of knee flexion consistent with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) with posterolateral corner (PLC) deficiency.
Animal evinced pain on palpating the left stifle joint and positive for the cranial drawer sign test and anterior tibial thrust which was suggestive of cranial cruciate ligament rupture, accordingly surgical stabilisation using both medial and lateral retinacular imbrication technique was planned.