birth rate

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vital statistics

vital statistics, primarily records of the number of births and deaths in a population. Other factors, such as number of marriages and causes of death, by age groups, are regularly included. From these records can be computed birthrates and death (or mortality) rates from which trends are determined. The earliest known system of vital statistics was in China. In England the clergy was required as early as the 16th cent. to keep records of christenings, marriages, and burials; during the 17th cent. the clergy in France, Italy, and Spain began to keep similar records. The oldest continuous national records system is that of Sweden (since 1741). The clergy and government officials in the colonies of North America began to record vital statistics in the 17th cent.; on a national level, the U.S. government started publishing annual records of deaths in 1900 and of births in 1915. The most striking trend shown by recent vital statistics is the rapid increase of the populations of nonindustrial countries due to a sharp decline in the mortality rate and an acceleration of the birthrate.


See United Nations Statistical Office, Handbook of Vital Statistics Methods (1955); R. Pressat, Demographic Analysis (tr. 1972).

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birth rate

the number of live births per 1000 people of all ages in one year. In post-World War II UK the birth rate rose until the mid-1960s and has since declined. Since 1951 the highest birth rate was in 1964 with 18.8 live births per 1000 people, and the lowest was in 1977 with 11.7 live births per 1000 people.

The overall birth rate is sometimes referred to as the crude birth rate. Various other ‘age specific measures of the rate can be calculated to provide more reliable projections of POPULATION trends. There is some suggestion that birth rate changes may be related to economic cycles, but this is not a simple relationship. Variables affecting birth rate, including length of marriage, the age structure of the population and contraceptive methods used, interact in a complex manner with economic factors. See also DEATH RATE, FERTILITY, DEMOGRAPHY, FECUNDITY. DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION, POPULATION.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

birth rate

[′bərth ‚rāt]
The ratio between the number of live births and a specified number of people in a population over a given period of time.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus the decrease of the crude birth rate leads to a decreasing number of inhabitants but mostly of the adult and young age groups to which we need to relate the elderly population.
According to the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine (SSCU), due to high emigration and a sharp decline in crude birth rates, the labour force in Ukraine shrank from 26.1 million in 1991 to 25.2 million in 2005, with female workers accounting for 48.8% of the total labour force.
Table 1 Selected Indicators of Fertility and Contraceptive Use front Various Demographic Surveys in Pakistan, 1975-95 1968-69 1974-75 1984-85 Indicators (NIS) (PFS) (PCPS) Crude Birth Rate 39.0 40.5 36.6 Children Ever Born 4.2 4.3 4.3 Total Fertility Rate -- 6.3 6.0 Knowledge of Contraceptives 97.0 75.6 61.5 Ever Used Contraceptives 12.5 10.5 11.8 Current Contraceptive Use 5.5 5.2 9.1 Want No More Children -- 49.4 43.4 Infant Mortality 121.0 -- 106.0 1990-91 1994-95 Indicators (PDHS) (PCPS) Crude Birth Rate 35.0 -- Children Ever Born 4.1 -- Total Fertility Rate 5.4 5.4 * Knowledge of Contraceptives 77.9 90.7 Ever Used Contraceptives 20.7 28.0 Current Contraceptive Use 14.0 17.8 ** Want No More Children 36.4 52.0 Infant Mortality 91.0 -- * 1993 Contraceptive Prevalence Survey.
Though Taiwan's crude birth rate has averaged 8.73 per 1,000 people over the past three years, Taoyuan has had a crude birth rate of over 10 each year during that time, in part because of family and childrearing benefits and subsidies the city provides.
Compared with 2008, the demographic situation in 2009 in the EU27 is characterised by a slight decrease in the crude birth rate and a constant crude death rate, while net migration fell more significantly.
Cyprus had a crude birth rate of 10.4 per cent in 2008 and a death rate of 6.6 per cent, which means the population grew 3.8 per cent.
The 'crude birth rate' for Bahrainis was 23.3 per 1,000 population last year and 7.4 for non-Bahrainis.
Vital Rates 1986 1996 Crude Birth Rate 41.7/1000 39/1000 Crude Death Rate 13.6/1000 10/1000 Growth Rate (%) 2.81 2.9 Life Expectency at Birth: - Both Sexes (Years) 52.6 61 - Male (Years) 53.4 61 - Female 51.7 61 Infant Mortality Rate =119.8/1000 live births 91/1000 (both sexes) Maternal Mortality Rate = 6-8/1000 live birth - Source: World Population Data Sheet 1996.
Various studies conducted since early seventies and to date reveal that total fertility rate in Pakistan ranged between 6 to 5.4 and crude birth rate between 42 to 34 [Population Planning Council of Pakistan (1976); Population Welfare Division of Pakistan (1986); Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (1990) and Population and Fertility Indicators (1993).
Jews, whereas the crude birth rate of Palestinians in Israel exceeded 24.8
In Gaza Strip has reached 5.2 births in 2007 compared to 6.9 births in 1997.Population projections revealed that the crude birth rate in the Palestinian Territory is expected to drop from 32.7 births per one thousand of the population in 2008 to 31.9 births in 2015.Crude mortality rate is expected to decline in the Palestinian Territory by 0.7% during, 2015-2008Available data showed that crude mortality rates are relatively low if compared to the rates prevailing in Arab countries.
From Table 1 it is clearly evident that the crude birth rate as reported from yearly repeated surveys (PGE, PGS and PDS series), show erratic up and down movements over the years 1962-65 through 1988, with the level of the rate remaining over 40 [Farooqui and Farooq (1971); Government of Pakistan (1973, 1973a, 1974, 1974a, 1981, 1983, 1983a, 1984, 1984a, 1990)].