Accademia della Crusca

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Crusca, Accademia della:

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[Ital.,=academy of the chaff], Italian literary society founded in Florence in 1582 to maintain the purity of the language. Leonardo Salviati, influenced by Pietro Bembo, and the poet Grazzini formed the society to unify literary Italian on the model of
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Accademia della Crusca

(äk-kädĕ`mēä dĕl`lä kro͞os`kä) [Ital.,=academy of the chaff], Italian literary society founded in Florence in 1582 to maintain the purity of the language. Leonardo Salviati, influenced by Pietro Bembo, and the poet Grazzini formed the society to unify literary Italian on the model of the vernacular of Tuscany. A comedy by Lorenzino de' Medici, L'Aridosio, was chosen as a standard, as were two plays by the artist and poet Michelangelo Buonarroti, first consul of the society. The major work of the society was the compilation of Grazzini's Vocabulario, a dictionary of "pure" words, first published in 1612. It has gone through many editions and remains one of the finest Italian dictionaries. The society succeeded in establishing literary purism in Italy for several centuries. Joined with two other academies, it is still in existence.
References in periodicals archive ?
He was forward looking, with an endless curiosity for novelty, a tireless promoter of the Crusca Academy and the study of all aspects of the written and spoken language across time.
In their dictionary of the Italian language, the Crusca Academy defined favola as follows: "Falsa narrazione alla verita simigliante; trovato non vero, ma talora verisimile, talora no; come gli apologi, e le trasformazioni d'Ovidio: e de' versimili, come le novelle di Boccaccio.
In the newspaper Repubblica, Professor Arrigo Castellani, a member of the Crusca Academy of Florence, which was set up in 1582 to standardize Italian, suggested equivalents to replace, for instance, "big bang" with granbotto, "spray" with spruzzo, "flash" with lampo, and "best- seller" with vendutissimo.
Founded by five members of the Florentine Academy, with the purpose of sifting the impure language (crusca, literally, "bran" or "chaff") from the pure, the Crusca Academy set itself up immediately as the arbiter of the literature of its time.
He was instrumental in founding the CRUSCA ACADEMY in 1582.