Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la

Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la


(pseudonym of Juana Inés de la Asbaje y Ramires de Santillana). Born Nov. 12, 1651, in San Miguel Nepantla, present-day México State; died Apr. 17, 1695, in Mexico City. Mexican poet.

Sor Juana became a nun in 1667 and devoted herself to the study of science and poetry. She wrote in such traditional forms of Spanish poetry as the sonnet, romance, and redondilla; her style was influenced by L. Góngora y Argote. Sor Juana’s best lyric poetry combined profound intellect with elegant form and refined wit with a penetrating, poetic simplicity. The predominant theme of her poetry was love. She also wrote plays, verse epistles, and satirical and comic verse.


Obras completas, vols. 1–4. Mexico City-Buenos Aires, 1951–57.


Ricard, R. Une Poétesse mexicaine du XVII siècle: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Paris, 1954.
Puccini, D. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Roma [1967].
Chávez, E. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Mexico City, 1970.
Abreu Gómez, E. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: Bibliografia y biblioteca. Mexico City, 1934.