Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cruz, Sor Juana Inés de la


(pseudonym of Juana Inés de la Asbaje y Ramires de Santillana). Born Nov. 12, 1651, in San Miguel Nepantla, present-day México State; died Apr. 17, 1695, in Mexico City. Mexican poet.

Sor Juana became a nun in 1667 and devoted herself to the study of science and poetry. She wrote in such traditional forms of Spanish poetry as the sonnet, romance, and redondilla; her style was influenced by L. Góngora y Argote. Sor Juana’s best lyric poetry combined profound intellect with elegant form and refined wit with a penetrating, poetic simplicity. The predominant theme of her poetry was love. She also wrote plays, verse epistles, and satirical and comic verse.


Obras completas, vols. 1–4. Mexico City-Buenos Aires, 1951–57.


Ricard, R. Une Poétesse mexicaine du XVII siècle: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Paris, 1954.
Puccini, D. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Roma [1967].
Chávez, E. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Mexico City, 1970.
Abreu Gómez, E. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: Bibliografia y biblioteca. Mexico City, 1934.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.