Cryogenic Engineering

cryogenic engineering

[‚krī·ə′jen·ik en·jə′nir·iŋ]
(engineering)
A branch of engineering specializing in technical operations at very low temperatures (about 200 to 400°R, or -160 to -50°C).

Cryogenic Engineering

 

the technology of the creation and use of cryogenic temperatures (below 120°K).

Among the main problems dealt with by cryogenic engineering are liquefaction of gases (nitrogen, oxygen, helium, and so on) and their storage and transportation in liquid form; separation of gaseous mixtures and isotopes by low-temperature methods (for example, industrial production of pure nitrogen, oxygen, and argon from air; liberation of deuterium by rectification of liquid hydrogen); construction of cryorefrigerators, which produce and maintain temperatures below 120°K; cooling and thermostating of superconductor and electrical-engineering devices (magnets, solenoids, transformers, electrical machines and cables, computer units, and gyroscopes), electronic devices (quantum mechanical amplifiers and generators; infrared detectors), and biological substances at cryogenic temperatures; and development of apparatus and equipment for performing scientific experiments at cryogenic temperatures (cryostats and bubble chambers).

The use of cryogenic temperatures in several fields of science and technology led to the appearance of independent specialties in cryogenic engineering—for example, cryoelectronics and cryobiology.

REFERENCES

Fastovskii, V. G., Iu. V. Petrovskii, and A. E. Rovinskii. Kriogennaia tekhnika, Moscow, 1967.
Spravochnik po fiziko-tekhnicheskim osnovam kriogeniki, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Address : Head Of The Centre, Cryogenic Engineering Centre Indian Institute Of Technology Kharagpur Kharagpur 721302, West Bengal, India
These include Energy Studies (Delhi), Material Science (Kanpur), Cryogenic Engineering (Kharagpur), Ocean Engineering (Madras) and Resource Engineering (Bombay).
The cryogenic engineering company JSC Cryogenmash, located in Balashikha near Moscow, is in charge of the design and construction of ITER's Port Plug Test Facility Stands.
2 meters, or 14 feet, in diameter, said Paul Jolley, head of mechanical and cryogenic engineering for the observatory.
That's George Georgiou, Cryogenic Engineering and Product Manager, MAG IAS (mag-ias.
It remains a family-run business with the directors having a combined experience of more than 75 years in cryogenic engineering and manufacturing and with more than 80% of the company's annual total production being exported globally.
Cryoco, 28th Annual Cryogenic Engineering Summer Session Short Course, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, Thomas Flynn (303) 665-8302; www.
Still riding on a high tide of business generated last year, the first quarter of 2008 was a busy time for Cryogenic Engineering Services (CES).
Thiophene and its homologues are widely used in synthesis of special polymers, lubricating oils for cryogenic engineering and other products.
This two-volume set contains papers presented at the joint Cryogenic Engineering Conference and International Cryogenic Materials Conference in Keystone, Colorado, in August and September of 2005.
All that perfect light that's been traveling for 13 million light years gets distorted once it hits the atmosphere in those last few micro-seconds," said Paul Jolley, head of mechanical and cryogenic engineering for ESO.
Tenders are invited for Civil Works For Room 218 And 219 In Cryogenic Engineering Centre At Iit Kharagpur

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