This is the case of the family Cryphaeaceae Schimp.
Historically, the taxonomy of Cryphaeaceae as well as its most diverse genus, Cryphaea D.
Cryphaeaceae were traditionally regarded as members of the Leucodontales based on their pleurocarpic habit and a sympodial branching pattern (Buck, 1998).
Cryphaea, widely distributed throughout the Old and New World (Rao, 2001), is the most specious genera of the family Cryphaeaceae. Weber (1813) gave account of the mitriform calyptra of Cryphaea as a defining feature.
Because of the possible relevance of Cryphaeaceae for the study of pleurocarpy and the lack of a comprehensive morphological phylogenetic analysis, the purpose of the present paper is to evaluate for the first time the monophyletic status of Cryphaeaceae focusing on Cryphaea.
The present study included 69 species (46 ingroup species of Cryphaeaceae and 23 outgroup taxa; Table 2).
Such a topology retrieved a non-monophyletic Cryphaeaceae, and a close association between Dendroalsia abietina (Hook.) E.
Relationship between Cryphaeaceae and out-group families
Consequently, no family could be convincingly proposed as the sister group of the Cryphaeaceae (Maeda et al., 2000; Cox et al., 2010).