Cryptolaemus Montrouzieri

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cryptolaemus Montrouzieri


a beetle of the family Coccinellidae (ladybugs). The body is 3–4 mm long; the head, pronotum, and apexes of the elytra are reddish yellow, and the rest of the body is black.

C. montrouzieri is a natural destroyer of scale insects, which are pests of many cultivated plants. It is native to Australia and has been introduced into a number of countries. It was brought into the USSR (Abkhazia) in 1933 to control a most serious pest of tangerines, the citrophilus mealybug, and later to control other species of scale insects. The female Australian ladybug C. montrouzieri lays up to 300 eggs in the scale insect’s eggs. The hatched larvae eat the eggs of the scale insect; adult larvae and beetles feed on scale insects and their larvae. In Abkhazia C. montrouzieri yields three generations a year. The insect does not tolerate temperatures under 0°C; therefore, in the Caucasus it is propagated in the winter in laboratories, and the beetles are released into orchards and plantations when eggs of the first generation of scale insects appear. C. montrouzieri can be used only in a moist climate.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Trapped % of Total Coelophora inaequalis (Fabricius) 179 38.6 Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant 140 30.2 Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) 112 24.1 Azya orbigera Mulsant 10 2.2 Brachiacantha dentipes (Fabricius) 9 1.9 Cycloneda sanguinea (L.) 5 1.1 Exochomus childerni Mulsant 3 0.6 Olla v-nigrum Mulsant 2 0.4 Chilocorus stigma (Say) 1 0.2 Coleomegilla maculata Mulsant 1 0.2 Rodolia cardinalis Mulsant 1 0.2 Chilocorus circumdatus 1 0.2 (Gyllenhal in Schonherr) Psyllobora vigintimaculata (Say) 0 0 TOTAL NO.
In addition to Anagyrus wasps, other VMB predators include Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, a type of lady beetle also called the mealybug destroyer, and lacewings, which also prey upon Ieafhoppers.
Predatory potential of Chrysoperla carnea and Cryptolaemus montrouzieri larvae on stages of the mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis: A threat to cotton in South Asia.
(Hym: Scelionidae); y larvas y adultos de Hyperapsis quinquenotata Mulsant, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant y Scymnus sp.
Predatory potential of Chrysoperla carnea and Cryptolaemus montrouzieri larvae on different stages of the mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis: A threat to cotton in South Asia.
Feeding potential of Chrysoperla carnea and Cryptolaemus montrouzieri on cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis.
Coleoptera are represented by 344 specimens of the Coccinellidae: Harmonia axyridis (Pallas, 1773) (68.6%); Cycloneda sanguinea (L., 1763) (13.7%); Hippodamia convergens (Guerin, 1842) (7.0%); Cycloneda pulchella (Klug, 1829) (5.8%); Eriopis connexa Germar, 1824 (2.3%); Scymnus Kugelann, 1794 (1.5%) and Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant, 1853 (1.2%) (Table 1).
The feeding potential of Chrysoperla carnea larvae and adults of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri on different nymphal instars of cotton mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis was investigated in ambient laboratory conditions at Agricultural Research Institute, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan.
Em diversos paises da regiao Neotropical, a joaninha-superpredadora, como e conhecida a Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant, 1853 (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), e utilizada no controle de hemipteros, principalmente para o controle de cochonilhas (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) (NARDO et al., 1999).
MARCO C., M.I., 2007.- Evaluacion de tres dietas artificiales para la crianza de Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant: Tesis, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Facultad de Agronomia, Quillota, Chile.
Side effects of some pesticides on the adult longevity, progeny production and prey consumption of Cryptolaemus montrouzieri Mulsant (Coccinellidae, Coleoptera).
USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services responded together to the Florida infestation by releasing two effective parasites (Anagyrus kamali and Gyranusoidea indica) and a predatory ladybug (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri) to control the mealybug, which has resulted in over 98 percent reduction in PHM population density.

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