Cascading Style Sheets

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Cascading Style Sheets

(World-Wide Web)
(CSS) An extension to HTML to allow styles, e.g. colour, font, size to be specified for certain elements of a hypertext document. Style information can be included in-line in the HTML file or in a separate CSS file (which can then be easily shared by multiple HTML files). Multiple levels of CSS can be used to allow selective overriding of styles.

http://w3.org/Style/CSS/.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

Cascading Style Sheets

A style sheet format for HTML documents endorsed by the World Wide Web Consortium. CSS1 (Version 1.0) provided hundreds of layout settings that can be applied to all the subsequent HTML pages that are downloaded. CSS2 (Version 2.0) added support for XML, oral presentations for the visually impaired, downloadable fonts and other enhancements.

Comprising some 50 modules, CSS3 (Version 3.0) added features such as vertical text, elaborate borders and backgrounds, user interaction and greater device and browser detection. For information, visit www.w3.org/Style/CSS/. See HTML, style sheet and XSL.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding the parameter Total distance run during the game, the athletes belonging to FC Dinamo Club have run on average 4431m, and the athletes from CSS1, the distance of 4747m; the average difference is an extra 316m run for the CSS1 athletes (figure 5).
For the athletes from FC Dinamo Club, the average value of maximal speed reached is 7.3 m/s, while the athletes from CSS1 have an arithmetic mean of 6.7 m/s for this parameter (figure 6).
For the parameter Maximal aerobic velocity (MAV--level 18, velocity comprised between 4.8 and 5.3 m/s), the FC Dinamo athletes reach on average the distance of 153.3m; the CSS1 athletes reach on average, for the same level, the distance of 137.2m; the average difference is an extra 16.1m run for the FC Dinamo athletes (figure 7).
For the parameter Maximal aerobic velocity (MAV--level 19, velocity comprised between 5.3 and 7.2 m/s), the athletes from FC Dinamo Club reach on average the distance of 200.4m; the athletes from CSS1 Club reach on average, for the same level, the distance of 124.9m; the average difference is an extra 75.5m run for the athletes from FC Dinamo (figure 8).
For the parameter Maximal aerobic velocity (MAV--level 20, velocity comprised between 7.2 and 8.8 m/s), the athletes from FC Dinamo Club reach on average the distance of 2.2m; the athletes from CSS1 Club reach on average, for the same level, the distance of 2.1m; it is noted that this very hard level has been reached by only 8 athletes (4 athletes from FC Dinamo and 4 athletes from CSS1) (figure 9).
For the parameter Anaerobic plateau (HR > 165 bpm), the athletes belonging to FC Dinamo Club remained in this zone on average 25.2 minutes of the statutory playing time (80 minutes); the athletes belonging to CSS1 remained in this zone on average 33.9 minutes of the statutory playing time (80 minutes) (figure 10).
Analyzing the presented data, it is noticed that: the athletes from FC Dinamo reach an average maximal HR of 193.5 bpm (a more economical maximal HR than that of the athletes from CSS1) and cover a shorter distance by 316m than the distance covered by the athletes from CSS1, with an average maximal HR of 202.7 bpm.
As to the Pearson's correlation between the parameter Maximal HR and the parameter MAV level 19, for the athletes from FC Dinamo, it is noted a substantial degree of association intensity (r = 0.517); the athletes from CSS1 have a moderate degree of association intensity (r = 0.453).
"CSS2: A look ahead" (Chapter 10), like Chapter 9, provides few concrete details about CSS2, but it does explain the differences between CSS1 and CSS2 and forecasts some changes that CSS practitioners should expect to see.
Appendix C, "CSS1 proper ties," is an alphabetic list of CSS1 properties, pseudo-elements, and pseudo-classes.
Before browsers supported CSS1 and CSS2, authors and developers of HTML documents would often have to use tables, illustrations, special characters such as nonbreaking spaces, and the single-pixel trick (which Boumphrey describes) to achieve the desired placement of text and images on screen.
After reading this book, you should be able to create CSS2 and CSS1 style sheets that will tell the browsers to: