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(Cubanos), a nation (natsiia, nation in the historical sense); the principal population of the Republic of Cuba. There are about 8.2 million Cubans (1970, estimate). They speak Spanish distinguished by local characteristics, such as words of West Indian and African derivation and abbreviated variants of Spanish words. Most of the believers are Catholics, but there are also some Protestants and adherents of various Afro-Christian syncretic cults.

From an anthropological point of view, the Cubans are a heterogeneous people, for they include representatives of the Caucasoid and Negroid races, as well as mulattoes. Cubans are descended from Spanish settlers who intermingled with Negro slaves, most of whom were imported from West Africa, between the 16th and 19th centuries. Aboriginal Indians also mixed with these groups in the initial phase of the formation of the Cuban people, but by the mid-16th century they had been almost completely exterminated by the Spanish colonialists. Important stages in the national consolidation of the Cubans were the Thirty Years’ War of National Liberation (1868–98), the Revolution of 1933, and the Popular Revolution of 1959, which later developed into a socialist revolution. The Cubans are becoming a socialist nation (natsiia).

Most of the Cubans are engaged in agriculture (the principal crop is sugarcane). There is some industry. Cuban folk culture —particularly music and dance—combines Spanish and African elements.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Mokhnachev, M. I. “Stanovlenie sotsialisticheskoi natsii na Kube.” In the collection Natsii Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1964.
Chain, C. Formatión de la natióon cubana. Havana, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
These are three examples of concrete projects that have already improved the life of the Cuban people thanks to our cooperation.
Last year there was a significant setback in the bilateral relations between Cuba and the United States of America due to the return to hostile policy by Trump Administration against my country and the approval of new measures to intensify the unjust and illegal economic blockade imposed on the Cuban people, including new restrictions on the right of US citizen to travel freely to Cuba', the Cuban Envoy adds.
I congratulate you and the entire Cuban people on the national holiday - the Day of Liberation of the Republic of Cuba.
The idea of these People to People programs is to forge communication between Americans and Cubans in a manner that is intimate and personal and provides a poignant exploration of the culture and humanity of the Cuban people.
Havana, SANA- Cuban Minister of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment, Rodrigo Malmierca, renewed his country's support for Syria in all international circles, expressing pride of the Cuban people over the victories achieved by the Syrian Arab Army against terrorism.
The State Department said the selected entities are "under the control of, or act for or on behalf of, the Cuban military, intelligence, or security services or personnel and with which direct financial transactions would disproportionately benefit the Cuban military, intelligence, or security services or personnel at the expense of the Cuban people or private enterprise in Cuba.
Our policy will seek a much better deal for the Cuban people and for the United States of America.
It does not target the Cuban people but the measures are designed to restrict the flow of money to oppressive elements of the Cuban regime.
Cuba has not escaped the global economic crisis, deficiencies persist but the Cuban people have known and will succeed in their great effort.
The rest he uses to pay for the brutal and violent system that keeps him in power - and deprives the Cuban people of basic human rights.
It's a call to the Cuban people but also to the rest of the world, to take notice, to invite you to visit and experience the essence of our country and our culture.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The lifting of the US blockade on Cuba should be made a priority in order to help the Cuban people and further development on the island nation, Cuban delegates said following the latest round of talks with their US counterparts.