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(Cubanos), a nation (natsiia, nation in the historical sense); the principal population of the Republic of Cuba. There are about 8.2 million Cubans (1970, estimate). They speak Spanish distinguished by local characteristics, such as words of West Indian and African derivation and abbreviated variants of Spanish words. Most of the believers are Catholics, but there are also some Protestants and adherents of various Afro-Christian syncretic cults.

From an anthropological point of view, the Cubans are a heterogeneous people, for they include representatives of the Caucasoid and Negroid races, as well as mulattoes. Cubans are descended from Spanish settlers who intermingled with Negro slaves, most of whom were imported from West Africa, between the 16th and 19th centuries. Aboriginal Indians also mixed with these groups in the initial phase of the formation of the Cuban people, but by the mid-16th century they had been almost completely exterminated by the Spanish colonialists. Important stages in the national consolidation of the Cubans were the Thirty Years’ War of National Liberation (1868–98), the Revolution of 1933, and the Popular Revolution of 1959, which later developed into a socialist revolution. The Cubans are becoming a socialist nation (natsiia).

Most of the Cubans are engaged in agriculture (the principal crop is sugarcane). There is some industry. Cuban folk culture —particularly music and dance—combines Spanish and African elements.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Mokhnachev, M. I. “Stanovlenie sotsialisticheskoi natsii na Kube.” In the collection Natsii Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1964.
Chain, C. Formatión de la natióon cubana. Havana, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
By comparison, only 40 Cubans fought in Latin America during the 1960s.
Today, we also honor the generations of Cuban Americans who have made outstanding contributions to our country by sharing their culture and talents.
30, 2016, 50,082 Cubans entered the US, compared with 43,159 during the previous fiscal year.
Cuba reportedly agreed to start accepting Cubans who receive deportation orders in exchange.
They are not among the approximately 8,000 Cubans who have been stranded in Costa Rica since Nov.
The changes in Cuban law eliminate a costly exit visa and make it easier for Cubans to both leave and return to the island legally.
Though a scholar with a particular interest in Cuban diasporic literature, Lopez considers a wider view of Cuban American performance as it takes place through different media and genres.
How many more Cubans migrate will depend partly on how other countries react to Cuba's new law.
Lopez also focuses on female narrative in chapter four, exploring this time the autobiographical work of Cuban American authors, in particular memoirs published in three collections: Bridges to Cuba/Puentes a Cuba (1995), ReMembering Cuba: Legacy of a Diaspora (2001), and By Heart/De memoria: Cuban Women's Journeys In and Out of Exile (2003).
Some important nineteenth and twentieth-century Cuban intellectuals, including Jose Marti, have all but ignored the Chinese presence and contribution to the Cuban nation, while others have acknowledged the Chinese presence but have misrepresented Sino-Cubans as silent separatists who created their own secret societies and isolated themselves from the rest of Cuban society.
While many Cubans, devastated by the final phase of the war, which had done extensive damage to the entire island, not just its eastern region, welcomed the entry of the US into the war, they did so with the belief that the latter would ultimately respect Cuban sovereignty.