Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Cubans: Fidel Castro, Cubana, Cuban cigars



(Cubanos), a nation (natsiia, nation in the historical sense); the principal population of the Republic of Cuba. There are about 8.2 million Cubans (1970, estimate). They speak Spanish distinguished by local characteristics, such as words of West Indian and African derivation and abbreviated variants of Spanish words. Most of the believers are Catholics, but there are also some Protestants and adherents of various Afro-Christian syncretic cults.

From an anthropological point of view, the Cubans are a heterogeneous people, for they include representatives of the Caucasoid and Negroid races, as well as mulattoes. Cubans are descended from Spanish settlers who intermingled with Negro slaves, most of whom were imported from West Africa, between the 16th and 19th centuries. Aboriginal Indians also mixed with these groups in the initial phase of the formation of the Cuban people, but by the mid-16th century they had been almost completely exterminated by the Spanish colonialists. Important stages in the national consolidation of the Cubans were the Thirty Years’ War of National Liberation (1868–98), the Revolution of 1933, and the Popular Revolution of 1959, which later developed into a socialist revolution. The Cubans are becoming a socialist nation (natsiia).

Most of the Cubans are engaged in agriculture (the principal crop is sugarcane). There is some industry. Cuban folk culture —particularly music and dance—combines Spanish and African elements.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
Mokhnachev, M. I. “Stanovlenie sotsialisticheskoi natsii na Kube.” In the collection Natsii Latinskoi Ameriki. Moscow, 1964.
Chain, C. Formatión de la natióon cubana. Havana, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Are gay Cubans really locked away in concentration camps?
In Cuba, citizens can send and receive e-mail and surf a Cuban intranet, but they are barred from accessing the World Wide Web.
Thus race relations in Cuba were characterized by ambiguity more than rigid social dichotomies, by contestation and accommodation more than violent confrontation, and by competing notions of national identity that shaped Cuban political transitions and culture.
Biscet served a three-year sentence in one of Cuba's notorious maximum security prisons for the "crime" of hanging the Cuban flag upside down to demonstrate the country's state of distress under Castro's brutal heel.
It's one of only two American products (sport is the other) that Cubans and Castro are now somewhat free to enjoy.
In January 1999, President Clinton announced several new initiatives toward Cuba, including allowing the sale of food to private, non-governmental Cuban entities.
In order to get its hands on a larger share of remittances, the government recently announced sharp price increases at the "dollar stores" where Cubans buy everything other than the bare necessities.
And then there is the counterrevolutionary, existentialist angst: As Guevara and a small number of Cubans finally pulled out of the Congo, aware that their mission was a dismal failure, he noted, "During those last hours of our time in the Congo, I felt more alone than I had done even in Cuba or on any of my wanderings around the globe.
Fernando Remirez, Senior Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, headed the mission since 1995, representing Cuba in Washington through crises such as the 1996 shoot down of Cuban exile flyers by Cuban forces and the Elian Gonzalez saga.
tour, Cuban music and dance ensemble Ban Rarra quickly heated up San Francisco's ODC Theater with their infectious energy, despite chilly spring temperatures.
Disoriented by the darkness, the smell, and the effort of walking/trudging, you were drawn toward a blue light emanating from the hard-to-discern distance that turned out to be a television screen, silently projecting looped video images of Fidel Castro in what are for Cubans famous scenes of their "maximum leader" displaying his heroism and humanity.
Cubans are proud of the subtle and clever commentary produced in their movies, which are full of symbolism.