Cucurbitaceae


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Related to Cucurbitaceae: Solanaceae, Fabaceae, Poaceae

Cucurbitaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including climbing and trailing herbs and, less commonly, subshrubs. The genus Dendrosicyos, which is found on the island of Socotra, consists of treelike forms. Cucurbitaceae are monoecious or dioecious. The flowers are usually unisexual and sympetalous; they are almost always regular and most often pentamerous. The fruit is usually a many-seeded berry or pepo. (The outer layer of the pericarp of a pepo is hard and coarse; the inner layer is fleshy and juicy.)

There are more than 100 genera, embracing about 900 species. They are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The USSR has eight or nine species, belonging to six genera (including Bryonia and Ecballium). There are more than 15 species in cultivation. Many have edible fruits— cucumbers, muskmelons, pumpkins, and watermelons. The Cucurbitaceae also include the calabash gourd, the dishcloth gourd, and the colocynth. Some genera are medicinal plants (for example, Bryonia), and some are ornamentals (for example, Thladiantha and Momordica).

REFERENCES

Aleshina, L. A. “Palinologicheskie dannye k sistematike i filogenii semeistva Cucurbitaceae Juss.” In Morfologiia pyl’tsy Cucurbitaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Cornaceae. Leningrad, 1971.
Jeffrey, C. “On the Classification of the Cucurbitaceae.” Kew Bulletin, 1966, vol. 20, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
The effects of climate change on the geographic distribution of Mexican wild relatives of domesticated Cucurbitaceae. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 56:691-703.
The saponification value for CSO was found to be 198 mg of KOH g-1 oil, that is comparable to that of pumpkin seed oil (185-198 mg of KOH g-1) and honeydew melon (210 mg of KOH g-1); both of which are members of family cucurbitaceae [30,39].
Dentro de la familia Cucurbitaceae, Apodanthera pertenece, junto con otros 16 generos, a la tribu Coniandreae Endl.
Boni et al., "Ethnobotanical and phytochemical study of Momordica charantia Linn (Cucurbitaceae) in Cotonou Benin," Journal of Applied Biosciences, vol.
Industrially, Cucurbitaceae seeds are normally used for the extraction of edible and drying oils which comprise about a half of the seed's weight [8].
Morphological characterization of Korean and Turkish watermelon germplasm, " Pitrat M (ed) Cucurbitaceae 2008.
Cucumbers, melons, squash and gourds are insect-pollinated and, because they belong to the same family, Cucurbitaceae, they can cross-pollinate if grown close together.
Clypeata), Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.), Pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima Duchesne), Round melon (Praecitrullus fistulosus), Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thumb.) and bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria Standl.) belongs to family Cucurbitaceae, Tobacco (Nicotiana tobaccum L.
Even beginners can grow a spectacular patch with enough Cucurbitaceae to meet anyone's fall decorative needs.
B, S N [Agarito] Commelinaceae Tradescantia occidental is (Britton) Smyth B, C, H, S N [Prairie Spiderwort] Cucurbitaceae Ibervillea lindheimeri (A.