Cuirassiers


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Cuirassiers

 

an arm of heavy cavalry, with horsemen protected by cuirasses and armed with broadswords, pistols, and carbines. Cuirassiers appeared in Western Europe in the late 17th century. Their precursors were the gendarmes in France and the reiters in Germany, Austria, and Sweden. In the 18th and early 19th centuries cuirassier regiments designed for delivering decisive strikes were to be found in most European armies. By the beginning of the 20th century the cuirassiers had been abolished (except for the dress uniform) and the name “cuirassier” became traditional for various regiments in certain armies.

In Russia the first regiment of cuirassiers (the Life Guards Horse Regiment) was formed in November 1731. By 1740 there were four cuirassier regiments, and by 1796 their number had risen to 16. Before the Patriotic War of 1812 there were ten cuirassier regiments; after the war there were 12, which made up three cuirassier divisions. In 1860 they were reorganized as dragoons, with the exception of four guards regiments (the Cavalry Guards, the Horse Guards, and two called His Majesty’s Cuirassiers and Her Majesty’s Cuirassiers, who were distinguished by the color of their uniforms, that is, the “yellow” and “blue” cuirassiers) that existed until 1917.

References in periodicals archive ?
hanging on a belt by a swivel, a flask and touch-box [priming flask], and pistols like the Cuirassiers .
Because we're comparing a musket/caliver with a carbine here, the particular emphasis will be on the Harquebusier who became a more important factor on the battlefield than the cuirassier as the war progressed.
Shot 188 frames the scene in a long shot from behind the head of a cuirassier whose helmet reflects the room but hides the cat from sight, so that all we see is Andreotti standing in the middle as if paralyzed.
There were gold-bedecked drum-majors, iron-clad cuirassiers with black horsehair plumes on their helmets and the Garde Imperiale resplendent in the national colours of France.
The first Berthiers approved for service were the Carabine de Cavallerie Modele 1890, Carabine de Cuirassiers Modele 1890, and the Carabine de Gendarmerie Modele 1890.
Establishment of a market of Facility Management on RTE site located in Lyon, rue des Cuirassiers.
Contact point(s): Agence achat ingenierie CS 9 rue des Cuirassiers 69003 Lyon Cedex 03
Rondeau 44000 Nantes : France 3 Aquitaine : 136 rue Ernest Renan 33000 Bordeaux : France 3 Rhone Alpes Auvergne : 14 rue des Cuirassiers 69003 Lyon : France 3 Alpes : avenue du Grand Sablon 38700 La Tronche : France 3 Provence : Ray went Grassi 13008 Marseille : France 3 Cote d~Azur : Center the transmitter Brague 06600 Antibes : France 3 M
To the 19th century European military mind, the cuirassier, dragoon, hussar, lancer and uhlan were seen as the modern incarnation of the medieval knight who, it was believed, carried on the chivalric traditions of their forbears.