Knox's rejection of Rome represented a return to the native tradition of Presbyterianism traced back to the fifth-century Culdees, a tradition subverted by foreign 'Romanism' which undermined and destroyed nationality by subsuming it into the greater will of the Papacy.
In the address that preceded Dove's at the Glasgow commemoration, William Maxwell Hetherington not only credited Wallace with having contributed to the achievement of Scottish national liberty, but argued that Wallace was himself a Culdee, opposed to Roman influence in the purer Christianity of Scotland.
The great virtues of the Culdees
were their honourable poverty, sincere piety and pursuit of honest (if unspecified) learning, all of which contrasted with the corruption of the high Middle Ages (cf.
Lambs (3670) - Harviesmailing (BTex) 212p pkg; Letar (Tex) 203p pkg; Culdees
(Cont) 194p pkg; Blackburnrigg (Suff) 181p pkg; West Kirkton (Cross) 176.00ppk; Killearn (Chev) 174p pkg; Doune Farms (BF) 165p pkg; Strathgarry (Mule) 156p pkg.
The hagiographical texts deal with the tenth--century Irish reforming monks, the Culdees, and the Vision of Adomnan is the most important Irish apocalyptic work.
The introductions are sometimes deficient as when Carey prints a martyrology prepared by Oengus the Culdee without relating the text to the Culdees' reforming program.
The judge on the day was George Reid, South Park, Culdees
, Creiff and the following were his awards: Champion Pen and first prize for pen of 50-plus: Lord Roseberry Estate, Leithenwater at PS55 purchased by the judge, Mr Reid; 2 I Malcolm, Cromlix PS48; 3 Glenturret Estates PS51.
Brendan Church of the Culdees
- The 19th anniversary of the consecration of Abbot-Bishop Ivan MacKillop and to the Episcopate will be celebrated at 11 a.m.
Other leading prices:Texel - PS126, PS124 and PS116 Easter Coilechat; PS114 Culdees
; PS109 Easter Coilechat and Glenhead; PS99Thorn.
Cross - PS92 Culdees
; PS88 Woodcockdale; PS83 Heights; PS79 Harelaw.