Culex


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Culex

[′kyü‚leks]
(invertebrate zoology)
A genus of mosquitoes important as vectors for malaria and several filarial parasites.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Culex

 

a genus of mosquitoes of the family Culicidae. When laid on the water, the eggs stick to each other in such a way that they form a boat-shaped mass.

There are more than 400 species, of which 20 are found in the USSR, chiefly in the Far East, Middle Asia, and the Caucasus. They are harmful to man as bloodsuckers; some carry the causative agents of such diseases as filariasis, Japanese B encephalitis, and encephalomyelitis. The most common species is Culex pipiens, which feeds on the blood of birds and attacks man primarily in southern regions. It is more often found in populated areas, where it flies into houses. It breeds mostly in ditches, barrels, and pits. There are several generations in a summer, with the greatest numbers occurring at the end of summer and in the fall. It winters in basements and cellars. Culex is not a carrier of the causative agents of human malaria; it can be the carrier of plasmodia which develop in the blood of birds. Countermeasures are the same as those used against mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.

REFERENCE

Gutsevich, A. V., A. S. Monchadskii, and A. A. Shtakel’berg. Komary: Semeistvo Culicidae. Leningrad, 1970.

A. V. GUTSEVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because of well-known difficulties of identifying Culex (Melanoconion) females (17,18), we initially confirmed identifications by morphology of the cibarial armature (17) and molecular assays targeting the 18s mitochondrial gene (18).
Culex mollis Dyar & Knab (Diptera: Culicidae): Culex mollis was collected from ovitraps placed in the state of Tabasco.
Mosquito species 2013 HC 2014 HC 2014 Biodiversa Aedes cinereus/geminus 6 6 299 Aedes vexans 1718 1847 4417 Anopheles algeriensis 4 -- -- Anopheles claviger -- -- -- Anopheles hyrcanus 145 63 -- Anopheles maculipennis complex 14 2 13 Anopheles plumbeus 9 26 150 Coquillettidia richiardii 2169 4333 1287 Culex martinii -- -- 66 Culex modestus 31 8 -- Culex pipiens complex/Cx.
The larvae of Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus were collected from Kampung Semerah Padi, Petra Jaya, Kuching (1[degrees]34,59.3"N, 110[degrees]19,48.2"E).
(2011) have reported isolation of Lysinibacillus strains from Culex pipiens larvae active against larvae of Culex, Aedes, Culex, Ochlerotatus, and Anopheles species.
Liu et al., "Comparison of pyrethroid resistance in adults and larvae of Culex pipiens pallens (Diptera: Culicidae) from four field populations in China," Journal of Economic Entomology, vol.
Micrographs revealed the parasitism of an aquatic mite species on the Culex pipiens mosquito pupa.
New evidence from separate labs supports the controversial idea that an overlooked and unexpected Culex mosquito might spread Zika virus.