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the feeling that one's group has a mode of living, values, and patterns of adaptation that are superior to those of other groups. It is coupled with a generalized contempt for members of other groups. Ethnocentrism may manifest itself in attitudes of superiority or sometimes hostility. Violence, discrimination, proselytizing, and verbal aggressiveness are other means whereby ethnocentrism may be expressed.
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  1. the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders which may exist within a social group; a way of perceiving one's own cultural group (in-group) in relation to others (out-groups). The term was introduced by W. G. SUMNER (1906) and involves the belief that one's own group is the most important, or is culturally superior to other groups. Thus, one's own culture is considered to be racially, morally and culturally of greater value or significance than that of others, and one becomes distrustful of those defined as outsiders. It also involves an incapacity to acknowledge that cultural differentiation does not imply the inferiority of those groups who are ethnically distinct from one's own.
  2. a characteristic of certain personality types. The ethnocentric personality is described by T Adorno et al. (1950) in The Authoritarian Personality (see AUTHORITARIAN PERSONALITY). Initially this study was concerned with the social and psychological aspects of anti-Semitism, but developed into a study of its more general correlates. Adorno et al. were concerned with explaining attitudes towards other ‘out-groups’ in American society, such as homosexuals and ethnic minorities, and maintained that antagonism towards one ‘out-group’ (e.g. Jews) seldom existed in isolation. They found that ethnocentrism tended to be associated with authoritarianism, dogmatism and rigidity, political and economic conservatism, and an implicit anti-democratic ideology. Thus, hostility towards one ‘out-group’ (see IN-GROUP AND OUT-GROUP) was often generalized and projected onto other ‘out-groups’. See also PREJUDICE, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM OR RACIALISM, ATTITUDE, ATTITUDE SCALE.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
That the settlers retained indigenous names of some places although corrupted (which could also be attributed to the white man's inability to pronounce African names), hence, a true reflection of cultural chauvinism. Pongweni (1983:87) observes that:
Another issue that confronts us, in a capital-dominated unipolar world which has emerged after strangling "third world" socialist/communist and national liberation struggles, is that of ethnic nationalism, driven in many cases by religious fundamentalism, cultural chauvinism, and the inventions of tribes and traditions.
(31.) Langbein, German Advantage, supra note 9, at 855; see also John Langbein, Cultural Chauvinism in Comparative Law, 5 CARDOZO J.
I call this academic elitism and cultural chauvinism on behalf of our administrators."
Mr Morgan replied: "If that is what did happen I find that behaviour repellent." Speaking after the Assembly meeting, Mr Rogers said: "The cultural chauvinism of Cymuned has to stop.
Accompanying a reactionary posture of cultural chauvinism is a sense of grievance, of having suffered at the hands of the West through colonialism, through the establishment of Israel, the export of a materialist culture, and the desecration of Islamic traditions.
We argue that this perspective is cultural chauvinism and that it threatens to undermine social work practice and the delivery of HIV/AIDS services.
Such far-reaching curtailments of the traditional rights of free speech and free press were no doubt fueled by an increasingly powerful Irish cultural chauvinism; such acts in practice created an embargo on many "foreign" cultural commodities.
''I have seen a great deal of discussion in Japan characterizing this as an issue of cultural chauvinism or excessive emotionalism on the U.S.

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