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the present-day population of Canada, which totals 21.8 million (1971 estimate).

The Canadian population consists of two nations (natsii; nations in the historical sense)—French Canadians and English Canadians—a number of other nationality groups, and the Indian and Eskimo national minorities.

French Canadians make up about 30 percent of the entire population of the country and more than 80 percent of the population of the province of Quebec. The nucleus of the French-Canadian nation, which developed at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th, consisted of the first European settlers in Canada (Frenchmen and Bretons), who founded the colony of New France during the first half of the 17th century. In 1763, New France became a British colony. In the struggle against British colonialism the French Canadians defended their language (French), which in 1968 became one of the country’s two official languages. In addition, they have preserved their national culture. The French Canadians have raised the issue of national self-determination. The majority of French Canadians are Catholics.

After Canada became a British colony, it was rapidly settled by emigrants from Great Britain and its colonies in America. The influx of new settlers created a numerical imbalance in which the English-speaking population outnumbered the French-speaking. The English Canadians occupied a dominant position in the country. The economic growth of the country, the struggle for independence from Great Britain, and the armed struggle against several attempts by the USA to annex Canada, as well as against economic domination by US monopoly capital, contributed to the growth of a sense of national identity among the English Canadians. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th the English-Canadian nation took shape. Representing about 44 percent of Canada’s present population, the English Canadians have created their own national culture. They include several ethnic groups: English, Scots, Irish, and assimilated settlers from continental Europe. Their language is English, with certain unique traits. The majority of religious English Canadians are Protestants of various denominations. Most of the Irish, however, are Catholic.

In addition to the two principal nations, the Canadian population includes numerous nonassimilated groups of recent (20th-century) settlers (about 25 percent of the population). The most important of them are Germans, Ukrainians, Italians, Jews, Poles, and Dutch. The Indians (more than 240, 000) and Eskimo (about 17, 000) are oppressed national minorities.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1959. (Contains bibliographies, pp. 621, 625.)
Berzina, M. Ia. Formirovanie etnicheskogo sostava naseleniia Kanady (Etnostatisticheskoe issledovanie).Moscow, 1971.
Ryerson, S. B. Unequal Union. [Toronto] 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
If we stop to consider the culture of Canada Beyond Quebec for a moment, and the huge difficulty we have in creating a space for our own made-in-Canada culture to survive and flourish, then consider the need for Quebec to protect both its majority language and its culture, we might perceive genuine connections between our parallel albeit different situations.
Determined to establish an even greater connection, Dave installed a Canadian satellite TV system at his residence in the Rochester area and enjoys all-Canadian programming, keeping him informed of the news, events and culture of Canada.
The book, which is available through Leslie Music Supply, contains 17 original songs that teach the history, geography and culture of Canada.
First Nations Gaming in Canada" discusses the Aboriginal culture of Canada, the First Nations, and their commercial gaming facilities that have developed throughout the region in recent years.
being the founding culture of Canada," said Binnie.
For sixteen years, the role of our magazine has been to inform Catholics about the political, social and religious culture of Canada and to do so by standing firm with the Magisterium of the Catholic Church.
to Canada in this respect, Pierceson argues that the political culture of Canada is more open to positive liberalism while the political culture of the U.
At the same time, I posit my views as being in opposition to those of the dominant culture of Canada.
Over the past one hundred years, and especially in the period following the Second World War when it was instrumental in developing Canadian letters and in shaping the culture of Canada, Oxford University Press Canada has retained the British tradition of publishing useful, important, and attractive books.
Educating the public about intellectual property and its significance and importance to the economy and culture of Canada has been a perpetual recommendation of government task forces and committees; Canadian copyright collectives; and legal, library, education, and information industry groups.
We have a great contribution to make to the life and culture of Canada," he said with conviction.
Beginning with the essays on voyages and travels in the Literary History of Canada (1965), however, literary scholars have focused attention on the figurative and narratological aspects of these texts, reading them in relation to the general literary culture of Canada.