Cumans

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Cumans

or

Kumans

(both: ko͞o`mänz), nomadic East Turkic people, identified with the Kipchaks (or the western branch of the Kipchaks) and known in Russian as Polovtsi. Coming from NW Asian Russia, they conquered S Russia and Walachia in the 11th cent., and for almost two centuries warred intermittently with the Byzantine Empire, Hungary, and Kiev. They founded a nomadic state in the steppes along the Black Sea, and were active in commerce with Central Asia and Venice. In the early 12th cent. the main Cuman forces were defeated by the Eastern Slavs. The Mongols decisively defeated the Cumans c.1245. Some were sold as slaves, and many took refuge in Bulgaria and also in Hungary, where they were gradually assimilated into the Hungarian culture. Others joined the khanate of the Golden Horde (also called the Western Kipchaks), which was organized on the former Cuman territory in Russia.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Esta interaccion se desarrolla a traves de las siguientes etapas: aposicion, adhesion, migracion e invasion, donde participan distintos factores moleculares y hormonales que regula cada uno de ellas (Moore et al., 2009; Cuman et al., 2014).
The Epirote and Bulgarian armies clashed at Klokotnitsa in March or April, with Ivan II Asen personally commanding the reserve troops which included 1,000 Cuman mounted archers.
After the Cuman invasion of 1091, the center moved to Alba Iulia and was endowed with land and a chapter.
You play Henry, the son of a blacksmith whose quiet village life is about to be wiped out by an advancing army of Cuman and Czech soldiers.
n of et You play Henry, the son a blacksmith whose quiet village life is about to be wiped out by an advancing army of Cuman and Czech soldiers.
(22.) Grespan R, Paludo M, Lemos Hde P, Barbosa CP, Bersani-Amado CA, Dalalio MM, Cuman RK.