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Cumaná(ko͞omänä`), city (1990 pop. 212,432), capital of Sucre state, NE Venezuela, on the Manzanares River near its mouth on the Gulf of Cariaco, an inlet on the Caribbean Sea. Exports include coffee, tobacco, cacao, sugar, fruit, and beans. Founded in 1521 to exploit the pearl fisheries near Margarita island, Cumaná was often raided by the Dutch and British in the 16th and 17th cent. Frequently a victim of earthquakes, the city was severely damaged in 1929. It is thought to be the oldest European outpost on the continent.
a city in northeastern Venezuela, near the coast of the Caribbean Sea. It is the administrative center of the state of Sucre. Population, 100,500 (1970). It is connected by highway to the ports of Puerto La Cruz and Carúpano. Cumaná is an important center of the fish-canning industry. It has tobacco, textile, and food industries. Cumaná is the trading center for the surrounding agricultural region (principal crops are cacao, coffee, and citrus fruits). Cumana was one of the first Spanish settlements in South America (founded in the 16th century).