Cumberland


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Cumberland,

river, 687 mi (1,106 km) long, rising in E Ky., and winding generally SW through Ky. and Tenn., then NW to the Ohio River near Paducah, Ky.; drains c.18,500 sq mi (47,910 sq km). The development of lakes and canals make the river navigable for small craft for much of its length. The river's upper course flows through the rugged, forested coal-mining region of SE Kentucky. The central section of the river passes through the Nashville Basin, an agricultural region and the site of Nashville, Tenn. The Tennessee Valley Authority markets hydroelectric power produced by dams on the Cumberland and its tributaries, including Dale Hollow, Center Hill, and Barkley dams, as well as Wolf Creek Dam, Ky., which impounds Lake Cumberland. The Cumberland valley was the scene of several important Civil War battles (see Fort DonelsonFort Donelson
, Confederate fortification in the Civil War, on the Cumberland River at Dover, Tenn., commanding the river approach to Nashville, Tenn. After capturing Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River (Feb. 6, 1862), General Ulysses S. Grant, on Feb.
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).

Cumberland.

1 City (1990 pop. 23,706), seat of Allegany co., NW Md., on the North Branch of the Potomac; settled 1750, inc. 1815. It is an important railroad and shipping center for a coal-mining area. Its manufactures include textiles, rubber, glass, paper products, and plastics. Cumberland grew around the site of a trading post established (1750) by the Ohio CompanyOhio Company,
organization formed (1747) to extend settlements of Virginia westward. The members were mostly Virginia planters interested in land speculation and the fur trade.
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 at a natural gateway through the Appalachians to the Ohio valley. Fort Cumberland (built 1754) was the base of operations for the ill-fated BraddockBraddock, Edward,
1695–1755, British general in the French and Indian War (see under French and Indian Wars). Although he had seen little active campaigning before 1754, Braddock was reputed to have a good knowledge of European military tactics and was noted as a stern
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 expedition (1755) against the French and Native American forces and the site of Washington's first military headquarters (1757). The city became the eastern terminus of the Cumberland Road, or National RoadNational Road,
U.S. highway built in the early 19th cent. At the time of its construction, the National Road was the most ambitious road-building project ever undertaken in the United States. It finally extended from Cumberland, Md., to St.
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; a division point for the Baltimore & Ohio RR; and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio CanalChesapeake and Ohio Canal,
former waterway, c.185 mi (300 km) long, from Washington, D.C., to Cumberland, Md., running along the north bank of the Potomac River. A successor to the Potomac Company's (1784–1828) navigation improvement project, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
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 (completed 1850), which runs through Green Ridge State Forest. Other local attractions include the old toll gate house (1833), a scenic railroad, Canal Place Heritage Area, and the Narrows, a magnificent gorge through the Appalachians to the Ohio valley. Frostburg State Univ. is to the west.

2 Town (1990 pop. 29,038), Providence co., NE R.I., on the Blackstone River and the Mass. line; included in Massachusetts until 1746, inc. as a R.I. town 1747. Its manufactures include textiles and metal and fiberglass products. The Ballou Meetinghouse dates from c.1740.


Cumberland,

former county, N England. In 1974, Cumberland became part of the nonmetropolitan county of CumbriaCumbria,
county (1991 pop. 486,900), 2,635 sq mi (6,826 sq km), extreme NW England. The county stretches from the Morecambe Bay to Soloway Firth along the Irish Sea coast.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cumberland

 

a sound in the Atlantic Ocean, off the southeastern coast of Baffin Island. It cuts inland for 259 km and measures approximately 74 km wide and 360– m deep at the entrance. The shores are high and mostly rocky. Cumberland Sound is covered with ice from late September through June. Tides are semidiurnal and at syzygy measure 7 m.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cumberland

1
1. Richard. 1631--1718, English theologian and moral philosopher; bishop of Peterborough (1691--1718)
2. William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, known as Butcher Cumberland. 1721--65, English soldier, younger son of George II, noted for his defeat of Charles Edward Stuart at Culloden (1746) and his subsequent ruthless destruction of Jacobite rebels

Cumberland

2
(until 1974) a county of NW England, now part of Cumbria
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In April 2011 HMS Cumberland handed over those duties to Type-42 Destroyer HMS Liverpool.
Cumberland was on her way home from anti-piracy patrols in the Persian Gulf, supporting operations in Afghanistan and protecting an oil platform in Iraq, when her mission was extended by a month.
The purchase opened a vast territory (composed of all the land between the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Mountains and the Kentucky River, situated south of the Ohio River) to an adventurous group that included the legendary Daniel Boone.
The Chambersburg team, who had moved their franchise the previous June 30 to Cumberland, was also touted as a possible replacement, but their home ballpark, known as Wolf Park, had been plowed up and was being used for agricultural purposes, leaving them with no place to play.
They want the EU to rule that only produce made in Cumbria should bear the label "Traditional Cumberland Sausage".
But the Cumberland tail wagged to great effect, taking their total to 256 all out after Wolverhampton's Jack Snape, with three for 41, and former Warwickshire favourite Mo Sheikh, who took three for 58, were the pick of the Staffs attack.
The present day Cumberland Cup is a replica of the original trophy, the fleet of Beneteau First Class 8s used for the event a far cry from the gaff-rigged yachts depicted in old oil paintings on the walls of the Royal Thames Yacht Club, whose London clubhouse is just down the road from Harrods.
The Percara suit involves P&G's Herbal Essences Fruit Fusions, Secret, Old Spice, Red Zone, High Endurance and Pantene brands, and the Cumberland Swan suit includes the Head & Shoulders, Pert Plus and Crest Pro-Health brands.
Cumberland Crossing consists of a 288-unit garden-style apartment community situated at the intersection of Mendon Road (Route 122) and 1-295 (Exit 10) in Cumberland, Rhode Island.
HMS Cumberland, a Type 22 frigate, led the swoop on a gang of drug traffickers as they raced across the ocean in a speedboat.
Navy frigate HMS Cumberland seized the two-tonne cocaine haul during a routine counter-drugs operation in the Western Caribbean.
Colin & Cumberland - a 12-part TV series - will be launched on BBC One Wales and BBC 2W on Tuesday, introducing viewers to the fictional Welsh village of Aberant.