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county (1991 pop. 486,900), 2,635 sq mi (6,826 sq km), extreme NW England. The county stretches from the Morecambe Bay to Soloway Firth along the Irish Sea coast. It includes the Lake DistrictLake District,
region of mountains and lakes, c.30 mi (50 km) in diameter, Cumbria, NW England. It includes the Cumbrian Mts. and part of the Furness peninsula. The district comprises 15 lakes, among them Ullswater, Windermere, Derwentwater, and Bassenthwaite; several beautiful
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, comprised of a series of volcanic rock and slate mountain peaks and lake-filled valleys. It also includes the Carlisle plain and the Eden and Kent river valleys. The county is divided into six administrative districts: Allerdale, Barrow-in-Furness, Carlisle, Copeland, Eden, and South Lakeland. Tourism, sheep farming, salmon fishing, and mineral extraction are the primary industries. The area has been occupied by humans since the Neolithic Period. Northern Cumbria vacillated between Scottish and English rule until the mid-10th cent., when it was wrested from the Scots in 1157. The Lake District was home to poets such as William WordsworthWordsworth, William,
1770–1850, English poet, b. Cockermouth, Cumberland. One of the great English poets, he was a leader of the romantic movement in England. Life and Works

In 1791 he graduated from Cambridge and traveled abroad.
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, Samuel Taylor ColeridgeColeridge, Samuel Taylor,
1772–1834, English poet and man of letters, b. Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire; one of the most brilliant, versatile, and influential figures in the English romantic movement.
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, and Robert SoutheySouthey, Robert
, 1774–1843, English author. Primarily a poet, he was numbered among the so-called Lake poets. While at Oxford he formed (1794) a friendship with Coleridge and joined with him in a plan for an American utopia along the Susquehanna River that was never
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. The Lake District National Park is located in Cumbria.
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(since 1974) a county of NW England comprising the former counties of Westmorland and Cumberland together with N Lancashire: includes the Lake District mountain area and surrounding coastal lowlands with the Pennine uplands in the extreme east. Administrative centre: Carlisle. Pop.: 489 800 (2003 est.). Area: 6810 sq. km (2629 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On Thursday, two further men were arrested in Cumbria as part of the same investigation.
Dr Rushmer said: "I feel hugely privileged to have led such dedicated teams in North Cumbria and am immensely proud not only of our achievements in reducing mortality and giving more patients a chance of better outcomes and better experiences of safe care, but also the way in which our staff continue to embrace the challenges we face.
No matter how pro-nuclear Albert Owen MP is, he is entirely in the wrong to volunteer up Cumbria as a nuclear sacrifice zone.
It is thought a Cumbria referendum would cost hundreds of thousands of pounds.
Information should be passed to Cumbria Police on 101.
But Lancashire totally dominated the afternoon singles also, restricting Cumbria to the minor consolation of halving two matches and winning one.
Gents Recurve - 1, Alan Kirkup (DNAA) 1062 144 64; 2, Tim Allinson (Cumbria) 1040 142 52; 3, Rob Faulkner (Cumbria) 1009 143 49; 4, Simon Degler ( Cumbria) 1,002 140 58; 5, Chris Gill (DNAA) 982 144 44; 6, John Purvis (DNAA) 982 144 43; 7, Jim Skivington (Cumbria) 951 143 41; 8, Alan Wood (SAA Northern) 933 141 45; 9, Jared Thornton (DNAA) 932 142 40; 10, Dennis Nutt (SAA Western) 831 135 32; 11, Robert Campbell (SAA Western) 799 141 26 ; 12, Eddie Barrett (SAA Western) 745 130 29; 13, Paul McGregor (SAA Northern) 755 139 21; 14, Steve McKindrick (SAA Western) 587 119 16.
Cumbria and the Lake District are one of the UK's, and the world's, great tourist areas.
Following royal protocol the message was sent by the Queen to the Lord Lieutenant of Cumbria.
Important lessons must be learnt from floods that devastated Cumbria six months ago, according to its council leader.