Cunaxa


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Cunaxa

(kyo͞onăk`sə), ancient town of Babylonia, near the Euphrates River, NE of Ctesiphon. It was the scene of a battle (401 B.C.) between Cyrus the YoungerCyrus the Younger,
d. 401 B.C., Persian prince, younger son of Darius II and Parysatis. He was his mother's favorite, and she managed to get several satrapies in Asia Minor for him when he was very young.
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 and Artaxerxes IIArtaxerxes II,
d. 358 B.C., king of ancient Persia (404–358 B.C.), son and successor of Darius II. He is sometimes called in Greek Artaxerxes Mnemon [the thoughtful]. Early in his reign Cyrus the Younger attempted to assassinate him and seize the throne.
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, described by XenophonXenophon
, c.430 B.C.–c.355 B.C., Greek historian, b. Athens. He was one of the well-to-do young disciples of Socrates before leaving Athens to join the Greek force (the Ten Thousand) that was in the service of Cyrus the Younger of Persia.
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 in the Anabasis. ClearchusClearchus
, d. 401 B.C., Spartan officer, celebrated as the leader of the Ten Thousand. Sent in 410 to govern Byzantium, he made himself unpopular by his harsh discipline, and Alcibiades took the city in 408 B.C.
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, Spartan mercenary leader under Cyrus, chose to attack the Persian left wing (under Tissaphernes), which he completely routed and pursued. When he and his Ten Thousand returned, they found that Cyrus had fought hard in the center, had broken Artaxerxes' bodyguard, but in the moment of victory had been killed. Cyrus' army, demoralized, had broken up, and the Persians had taken the field. The retreat of the Ten Thousand northward is the most famous feature of the campaign.

Cunaxa

the site near the lower Euphrates where Artaxerxes II defeated Cyrus the Younger in 401 bc
References in periodicals archive ?
There is, of course, the simple fact that despite their victory the lovers and the other Greeks are still trapped behind enemy lines in Persian territory because of the death of the leader of the rebellion, which could hardly fail to recall the situation of the Ten Thousand after Cunaxa.
The linchpin between the two parts is the battle at Cunaxa.
By permanency and relative abundance, the dominant species were: Cunaxa potchensis, Coleoscirus simplex, Armascirus harrisoni, Cunaxoides sp.
The Ten Thousand crossed the awesome Euphrates at Thapsacus (probably modern Ar Raqqah) and followed the river south to Cunaxa.
Although he employed the optimistic title Anabasis (the first-leg "march up" into the interior of Iraq), in fact, Xenophon's account really gets going only after the Greeks were dry-gulched at Cunaxa.
After the Battle of Cunaxa where Cyrus was killed, the Greek army was demoralized and discouraged as they saw no way of marching 1,000 miles back to Greece with 10,000 soldiers through unfriendly country, not to mention that they currently faced a numerically superior army.
Just before the battle of Cunaxa, Cyrus goes out in front of his army to survey the situation, and Xenophon rides out to ask whether he has any orders to convey (1.
The genus Cunaxa is the largest genus of this family, comprising over 50 known species.
He gave an article to the New College seminar, which is not included here, but nine of the photographs printed are his, including one of the probable sites of the decisive Battle of Cunaxa not far from Nineveh.
The Iraqi army was obliterated not far from the ancient battlefields of Cunaxa and Gaugamela, where Western forces--Xenophon's Ten Thousand in 401 B.
We may compare the words given by Xenophon to Cyrus in his speech before Cunaxa, at Anab.
As a result of survey of taxonomic exploration, two new species of the genus Cunaxa viz.