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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(cypress), a family of coniferous evergreen shrubs or trees. The leaves, which are opposite or in whorls of three, are scale-like or needle-shaped. The antheral spikes are small and are usually found on the apices of short shoots. The pollen has no air sacs, grooves, or pores. The cones are woody or, less frequently, baccate (in the genus Juniperus). The ovuliferous scales, which are peltate and appressed, and the sterile bract are initially fused. The ovuliferous scales subsequently separate from the bract and become attached to stems (in the genus Cypressus). In some species the ovuliferous scales, which are initially flat, imbricate, and appressed, gradually bend backward (in the genera Libocedrus and Biota).

There are 20 known genera, with approximately 145 species, distributed throughout both hemispheres. Various species of the genera Cypressus, Juniperus, Thuja, and Biota are found in gardens and parks.

The wood obtained from these bushes and trees is used in the manufacture of various products, including furniture. The wood of some species of Juniperus is used for making the casings of pencils.


Takhtadzhian, A. L. Vysshie rasteniia, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
That rays in conifers have cell polymorphism and therefore more than one function is clearly demonstrated by the occurrence of ray tracheids in Pinus and Abies (Holden, 1913; Greguss, 1955) as well as a few Cupressaceae (Roman-Jordan et al., 2016).
sabina (Cupressaceae) were collected with ultra-hypothermia liquid nitrogen storage in the month of September 2013, from Toli County, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China (Figure 1).
Shrub and tree families (Ericaceae, Betulaceae, Cupressaceae, Salicaceae, Pinaceae) are also present in the chamois diet, but play a modest role in autumn, as reported by Mustoni et al.
transtagana Franco), the Portuguese Prickly Juniper, is a dioecious shrub from Cupressaceae family (Franco, 1986) endemic to SW Iberian Peninsula.
Thuja occidentalis (thuja), of the Cupressaceae family, has traditionally been used for the treatment of various gynaecological complaints in both humans and animals.
O genero Juniperus, pertencente a familia Cupressaceae, compreende diversas especies, dentre elas Juniperus chinensis L., que por sua vez, contem dezenas de variedades (Adams, 2014).
Apocynaceae 0.05 Bromus inermis Poaceae 0.005 Cakile endentula Brassicaceae 0.005 Calamovilfa longifolia Poaceae 0.35 Campanula rotundifolia Campanulaceae 0.02 Centaurea maculosa Asteraceae 0.02 Cirsium pitcheri Asteraceae 0.05 Elymus canadensis Poaceae 0.005 Equisetum hyemak Equisetaceae 0.01 Euphorbia corollata Euphorbiaceae 0.07 Juniperus horizontalis Cupressaceae 0.10 Liatris sp.
Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei: Cupressaceae) canopy and litter effects on understory vegetation in a juniper-oak savanna.