curassow

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curassow

(kyûr`əsō'), common name for the largest members of an order of game birds called pigeon-toed fowls, which includes the white-crested guan and the rufous-bellied chachalaca, Ortalis wagleri. These gregarious roosting birds, found from Texas to Argentina, vary from 20 to 40 in. (50–100 cm) in length and are brownish to olive-green in color. They feed on fruit, vegetation, and insects. Curassows are larger than other members of the family and have an erect crest and bright orange or yellow bills. The great curassow, Crax rubra, is found from Mexico to Ecuador. The meat of these birds is a delicacy. Although none are found in the Dutch West Indies, their name is taken from the island of Curaçao. They are easily tamed. Curassows are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Galliformes, family Cracidae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Efficiency, bias, and consistency of visual and aural censuses for estimating the abundance of Curassows (Cracidae) in tropical forests.
Human impact on population of chachalacas, guans and Curassows (Galliformes: Cracidae) in Venezuela.
The species are: Speckled chachalaca (Ortalis guttata), Spix's guan (Penelope jacquacu), Blue-throated piping-guan (Pipilecumanensis), and Razor-billed curassow (Mitu tuberosum).
As the curassow avoids secondary growth (Rodriguez-Mahecha et al.
Density data for a congener of the razor-billed curassow (Salvin's curassow Mitu salvini; Johnson 1993) and for the wattled curassow (Crax globulosa, Yahuarcani et al.
The Spix's guan was found in all three areas, the chachalaca was absent from the CFA, and the curassow and piping-guan were only found in Maderyja.
The curassow in Maderyja had by far the highest density of the four species in any area with 11.
The encounter rate for the Spix's guan in CFA and the razor-billed curassow in Maderyja were highest with 2.
The present record and other records done by local fishermen indicates that a small population of Great Curassow lives in the isolated forest patches of the Sontecomapan area despite the pressures on the species (Morales & Villa 1998) and the habitat.